Extracting the Essence of the Sruti
The Srutisarasamuddharanam (Extracting the Essence of the Sruti) is the major work of Totakacarya who is regarded by tradition as one of the four-principle disciples of Adi Sankara. Composed in Sanskrit, the work consists of one hundred and seventy-nine verses. The aim of these verses is to bring out the essential meaning of the Upanisads. Through an analysis of various Upanisad statements, as well by compatible reasoning, Sri Totaka shows that the Upanisads teach that Brahman is real, the world is mithya and that the essential nature of the jiva is none other than Brahman.
The teaching is presented in the form of a dialogue between a student and a guru. Totaka skilfully manages to bring out the main Advaita teachings while maintaining the context of a discussion. These verses are not only valuable for what they teach, but in them we also find an accurate account of the tradition of Advaita as it existed at the time of Sankaracarya himself. Accompanying the Devanagari text of the verses is an English translation of each verse followed by a brief commentary in English to assist in understanding the verses.
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The śruti tells that the world is mithyā
The meaning of tat
accepted According action activities Advaita already asatkāryavāda attained attribute Awareness become beginning belong body Brahman called Chāndogya cloth cognition commentary complex conceptual meditation concludes condition connected continues discussion doctrine dream effect element embodied entire entity essence essential everything example exist experience explains expressed fact fire function further give gold guru I"-thought idea identical ignorance illustration individual soul inherent knowledge known liberated limiting material cause meaning meant mind mithyā modification nature necklace non-existent object origination passage person present pure reality reason refers relation remove result reveal Sankara Sānkhya seems sense sense-objects sentence tattvamasi separate space speak śruti statement student substantive subtle superimposition takes teacher says teaching tell thing thought threads tvam understanding understood unreal upādhi Upanişad verse verse one hundred waking एव तु न हि यतः यदि