Extracting the Essence of the Śruti: The Śrutisārasamuddharaṇam of Toṭakācārya
The Srutisarasamuddharanam (Extracting the Essence of the Sruti) is the major work of Totakacarya who is regarded by tradition as one of the four-principle disciples of Adi Sankara. Composed in Sanskrit, the work consists of one hundred and seventy-nine verses. The aim of these verses is to bring out the essential meaning of the Upanisads. Through an analysis of various Upanisad statements, as well by compatible reasoning, Sri Totaka shows that the Upanisads teach that Brahman is real, the world is mithya and that the essential nature of the jiva is none other than Brahman.
The teaching is presented in the form of a dialogue between a student and a guru. Totaka skilfully manages to bring out the main Advaita teachings while maintaining the context of a discussion. These verses are not only valuable for what they teach, but in them we also find an accurate account of the tradition of Advaita as it existed at the time of Sankaracarya himself. Accompanying the Devanagari text of the verses is an English translation of each verse followed by a brief commentary in English to assist in understanding the verses.
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Advaita become Brahman body-sense-mind complex Brahmasutra Brhadaranyaka Upanisad cause is real Chandogya Upanisad cognition colour commentary conceptual meditation doctrine dream and dreamless dreamless sleep embodied entity exist follower of Sarikhya Gaudapada gold grammatical apposition guru hearer I"-thought idea identical individual soul inherent injunction intrinsic jiva jivanmukta Kanada Knower knowledge known limiting adjuncts mahavakya material cause meaning meditation upon Brahman mind as Brahman mithya mithyS modification Mundaka namarupa necklace negate Nyaya Nyaya-Vaisesika object origination Padmapada paramatma passage person physical body pramana pure Awareness real nature reality reason refers refutation relation satkaryavada saying that Brahman sense sense-objects sense-organs sentence tattvamasi separate space Srutisara Srutisarasamuddharanam statement tattvamasi student says substantive subtle element subtle essence superimposition supreme teacher replies teacher says teaching thing threads Totaka turiya understanding universal proposition unreal upadhi upasana Vaisesika Veda Vedanta verse one hundred verse the teacher Visnu waking word