Introduction to the History of Plant Pathology
The losses caused to staple crops by diseases and disorders and by depredations of pests are a worldwide problem at a time of population increase and food shortage. Plant pathology - basically the study of infectious diseases of plants - is therefore an increasingly important branch of applied science. An attempt is here made to provide a concise and straightforward account of the historical development of the diverse and interwoven themes of which the subject is composed. This may be read without reference to the documentation, which gives supplementary information and additional clues. The standpoint from which this survey is written is that, as for medicine, the right end of plant pathological practice is the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases and disorders. Emphasis throughout is therefore on the more practical aspects of plant pathological endeavour.
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problems of aetiology up to 1858
Bacteria including actinomycetes
Viruses and organisms confused with viruses
A note on nonparasitic disorders
Control by physical agents
The epidemiological approach
Legislation and quarantine
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agric apple scab bacteria bacterial diseases Bacterium Bary Bawden Biol Bordeaux mixture botany British Bull caused cent century cereals chemicals Classics copper sulphate crops cultivars Dimond diseases of plants effects England epidemic experimental fruit fungal fungi fungicides fungus Gaumann germination graminis Horsfall host plant ibid infection inoculation inoculum Institute International introduced investigations laboratory later leaf London loose smut Marshall Ward mildew mycol Mycological mycologist North America Organisation parasites Paris pathogen pathologists peach pests Phytop Phytopath Phytopathology Phytophthora infestans plant disease plant pathogenic plant pathology plant protection plant viruses potato blight Prof professor Puccinia quarantine recognised resistance root disease rubber rust saprobic Science seed treatment Smith soil Sorauer species spores spray Stakman Station sulphur temperature tion tobacco mosaic virus tomato trans transmission trees tubers USDA virus diseases wheat bunt Whetzel yellows