Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains

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Academic Press, Jan 6, 2003 - Medical - 645 pages
Identicication of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains provides an integrated and comprehensive overview of pathological conditions that affect the human skeleton. The primary objective is to assist those who conduct research on archeological skeletal remains in interpreting abnormal conditions that they might encounter in the course of their research. However, there is much that ancient skeletal remains can reveal to the modern orthopedist, pathologist, forensic anthropologist, and radiologist about the skeletal manifestations of diseases that are rarely encountered in modern medical practice. The medical historian will find information on the antiquity and early geographical distribution of many diseases. All of the major categories of disease that affect bone are reviewed on the basis of the literature on the radiology and pathology of these diseases. This review is followed by a discussion of the literature on the paleopathological cases thought to represent each of the morbid categories affecting bone. This book is based on extensive individual and collaborative research by the author and contributing authors on the known parameters of basic calcified tissue biology and modern skeletal diseases and their expression in antiquity. The monograph provides essential text and illustrative materials on bone pathology, which will improve the diagnostic ability of those interested in human dry bone pathology. It also provides time depth to our understanding of the effect of disease on past human populations.

Key Features
* Comprehensive review of skeletal diseases encountered in archeological human remains
* More than 1100 photographs and line drawings illustrating skeletal diseases including both microscopic and gross features
* Based on extensive research on skeletal paleopathology in many countries for over 35 years
* Review of important theoretical issues in interpreting evidence of skeletal disease in archeological human populations
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Abbreviations
7
Cartilage Cells
14
Remodeling of Skeletal Tissue
21
Bone Biochemistry and Mineral Homeostasis
29
Vascular Conditions That Affect Bone Formation
35
Introduction
65
The Noncollagenous Proteins of Bones and Teeth
71
Mycotic Viral
325
Viral Infections
332
Sarcoidosis
340
Circulatory Disturbances
356
Generalized Hyperostosis with Pachydermia
417
Introduction 343
419
Other Endocrine Disturbances
426
Miscellaneous Bone Diseases
435

Growth Turnover and Aging
72
Postmortem Changes
78
Periosteal Reactions on Long Bones
87
Meningeal Reactions
93
Porotic Hyperostosis
102
Theoretical Issues in Paleopathology
109
Conclusions
118
Leprosy
263
Treponematosis
273
Leishmaniasis
319
Fibrous Dysplasia
443
Neurofibromatosis
449
Introduction 453
503
Osteoarthritis
546
Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Dish
558
Spondyloarthropathy
570
Literature Cited
609
Index
639
Blood Supply of Bones 343
643
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