A Concise History of Romania
Spanning a period of 2000 years from the Roman conquest of Dacia to the present day, A Concise History of Romania traces the development of a unique nation situated on the border between East and West. In this illuminating new history, Keith Hitchins explores Romania's struggle to find its place amidst two diverse societies: one governed by Eastern orthodox tradition, spirituality and agriculture and the other by Western rationalism, experimentation and capitalism. The book charts Romania's advancement through five significant phases of its history: medieval, early modern, modern and finally the nation's 'return to Europe'; evaluating all the while Romania's part in European politics, economic and social change, intellectual and cultural renewals and international entanglements. This is a fascinating history of an East European nation; one which sheds new light on the complex evolution of the Romanians and the identity they have successfully crafted from a unique synthesis of traditions.
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From East to West 17741866 4 The national state 18661919 5 Peace and war 19191947 159 112
Romanian Communism 19481989 7 After 1989 227
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achieve agrarian agriculture Alexandru Allies Antonescu army autonomy became Bessarabia bloc boiers Bratianu Bucharest Bukovina Carol Ceausescu Central century clergy Communist Party country’s cultural Cuza Dacia Danube decades Democratic dominated East economic and social elections ethnic Europe European forces foreign German Gheorghiu-Dej goals Greater Romania Greek Catholic Habsburg Hungarian Hungary Iasi Iliescu independence industry institutions intellectuals interwar period Ion Antonescu Iron Guard Iuliu Maniu Jews language leaders Liberal literary literature majority ment middle class Mihai military minister modern Romania Moldavia and Wallachia National Peasant officials ofthe Romanian Oltenia organization Orthodox Church Ottoman Empire party elite party’s percent poetry population princes principalities reform regime Roman Romanian Communist Romanian Communist Party Romanian language Romanian literature Romanian nation Romanian society Russian Saxons Slavic socialist Soviet Union spirit sultan territory tion traditional Transylvania treaty urban village Wallachia West Western