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action aesthetic ancestor worship ancient animals Aristotle attained become character common conceptions conduct connection course custom dead divine division of labour duty egoistic elements ends especially ethical significance euhemerism euhemeristic evidence existence expression external fact feeling forms gods gradually Greek habit hand Hellenic civilisation Hence Heracles hero human humanistic ideal important impulses individual influence intercourse labour language later legal system logical man's marriage means ment mental metaphysical Middle High German mind modern moral consciousness moral ideas motives myth mythological natural environment nature nature-myth normative sciences norms objects one's original outward phenomena philosophy possession primitive psychological purpose regard relation religion religious ideas religious worship reward and punishment rule sense simply slow degrees social social equals society standpoint subjective tendency theory things thought tion to-day transformed tribal tribe universal usage virtue WILHELM WUNDT words Zeus
Page 328 - Redemption, p. 30. mean to express by this name," he says, "what is a matter of universal experience: that manifestations of will, over the whole range of man's free voluntary actions, are always of such a character that the effects of the actions extend more or less widely beyond the original motives of volition, so that new motives are originated for future actions, and again, in their turn, produce new effects.
Page 5 - When the judgment that some facts are more valuable than others is set aside, the difference between facts that follow the norm and facts that contradict it is also abolished. Although, then, the universal applicability of the purely descriptive standpoint to all departments of human knowledge is unquestionable, we should still take it into consideration that the estimate of the value of facts is also itself a fact, and a fact which must not be overlooked when it is there to see.
Page 49 - We may term them the autonomous, the metaphysical and the ethical theories of religion. (1) The autonomous theory, plainly foreshadowed in the views of Hamann and Jacobi, became explicit in the work of Schleiermacher. It maintains that religion is an independent domain, above and beyond those of metaphysics and ethics. While the subject of metaphysics is theoretical knowledge of finite things, and that of ethics the relations of empirical conduct, religion is an ' immediate consciousness of the universal...
Page 50 - a knowledge of all our duties as divine commands,' and so makes it the sum-total of all the hypotheses that we are compelled to set up, whether 1 EB TVXOR, Primitive Culture, 3rd.
Page 322 - The ethical influence of civilisation is everywhere ambiguous. As it helps to deepen and refine man's moral ideas, so it opens up all sorts of paths which may lead him from the good.
Page 49 - (1) The autonomous theory, plainly foreshadowed in the views of Hamann and Jacobi, became explicit in the work of Schleiermacher. It maintains that religion is an independent domain, above and beyond those of metaphysics and ethics. While the subject of metaphysics is theoretical knowledge of finite things, and that of ethics the relations of empirical conduct, religion is an 'immediate consciousness of the universal existence of all finitude in infinity, of all temporal things in things eternal',...
Page 27 - beautiful' in the Greek mind. In the Latin bonus, on the other hand, the original stress is upon the material gifts of fortune, and the superiority of birth which goes with them. Lastly, the English good and German gut are etymologically connected with the German Gatte, and so mean 'fitting...
Page 123 - ... commands laid upon the individual as an inalienable element of his religious duties. Every moral command is thus apprehended by the religious consciousness as essentially a religious command ; every transgression of the moral laws, every grave offence against the general legal norms, is also a sin, an apostasy from God and his commandment. Lastly, at the final stage of this development, we have once more a complete fusion of the contents of the moral and religious commands, — a state of things...
Page 59 - In my opinion, the question can only be answered in one way : all ideas and feelings are religious which refer to an ideal existence, an existence that fully corresponds to the wishes and requirements of the human mind.
Page 161 - Since language consists always in a communication of ideas, the original word-creation cannot have been the work of any individual inventor ; it must have proceeded from a community of individuals, endowed with similar mental capacities and living under the same external conditions. So is it with custom, which, like language, is a mode of common conduct arising from community of ideas.