Bases Abroad: The Global Foreign Military Presence

Front Cover
Oxford University Press, 1989 - Political Science - 389 pages
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In this book Robert E. Harkavy analyses the modern status and the associated diplomacy of basing access, against the background of past political, military, and technological relationships. He provides a comprehensive description of the major powers' global basing networks, including theirtypes, their locations, and the politics and economics of their acquisition. Professor Harkavy also gives details of the facilities the bases make available - naval, air, ground, missile, intelligence, communications, research and testing, environmental monitoring, and space-related - and provides awealth of tables and maps depicting US and Soviet global networks. He analyses the roles of these bases for the USA, the USSR and other major powers, and discusses emerging political and technological developments which may alter basing diplomacy: the diffusion of power away from the superpowers, the increasing leverage of the smaller countries that host bases,the strengthened role of satellites in comparison with facilities on land and the possible impact of space defences on basing requirements. The crucial link between arms transfers and the politics of basing is emphasized, and the final section is devoted to the politics and economics of foreignmilitary presence.
 

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Contents

Introduction I The historical context
2
Definitions
7
Emerging macropolitical trends and bases
8
The scope and boundaries of the subject
15
A typology of
17
The politics and economics of
20
Summary Notes and references
22
Naval facilities
26
Voice of America facilities throughout the world
175
US global facilities for CI
176
Landbased SIGINT facilities
181
Locations of DEW Line and CADIN Pinetree Line radar sites
191
The US Sound Surveillance System
195
Foreignbased AFTAC seismometers and seismic arrays
198
Soviet technical facilities abroad
199
Soviet intelligencecollection ships
210

Forms and functions of naval FMP
30
Preferred locales of naval facilities
34
The superpowers global naval deployments and FMP
41
Presence
59
Coercive diplomacy
63
Summary
65
Air force facilities
73
A typology of air FMP
75
US air bases abroad
80
Soviet aircraft bases
88
Other nations use of foreign air bases
93
Aircraft overflights
95
b Trends in US and Soviet access to airfields or airspace in 1987
99
Summary
100
Notes and references
101
Groundforce FMP
109
Largescale alliancerelated groundforce deployments
110
US and other NATO foreignbased ground forces
111
Soviet foreignbased ground forces
114
Secondtier powers foreignbased ground forces
116
Invasion forces surrogates advisers defence planning manoeuvres training and so on
118
Multilateral peacekeeping forces
128
Missiles
133
Surfacetosurface missiles
136
PreINF Treaty missile deployments in Europe
138
FROG and SS21 battalions in Eastern Europe and Mongolia
141
Surfacetoair missiles
142
The future
144
Notes and references
145
intelligence space and communications
149
A historical note
154
a breakdown
156
US technical facilities abroad
158
Location of known Loran CD transmitters and monitoring
161
Some major communications systems and subsystems
167
The AUTOSEVOCOM network in FR Germany
169
The NATO ACE HIGH and TARE networks
171
British French and other nations technical facilities abroad
212
Other nations CI and space facilities
215
Conclusions
216
Notes and references
218
Research and environmental facilities
231
Research
232
US research and environmental facilities
233
Environmental facilities
242
Miscellany
244
Notes and references
245
Nuclearrelated FMP deterrence and defence
249
Historical background
250
Extant nuclear forces
255
US Pershing II and West German Pershing 1a facilities in
259
US foreignbased atomic demolition mines 1985
267
the geopolitics of nuclear basing
276
onboard nuclear weapons and nuclear propulsion systems
281
Foreign liberty ports used by the US submarine force in 1986
282
advantage and vulnerability in peacetime and wartime
285
power projection
291
Central European military balance 1980
294
NATO and the WTO 1987
295
Tank imbalance in Central Europe
297
Soviet and US military transport aircraft
303
Notes and references
316
Arms acquisition patterns based on SIPRI data 197685
328
Arms acquisition patterns based on ACDA data 1987
335
Summary of the arms transferFMP nexus for the USSR
342
US Security Assistance Programs for FY 1988
349
Sovietbloc security assistance to Cuba and Nicaragua 1982
361
Main and secondary surfaceship operating bases of the Soviet
369
US and naval operating bases worldwide 42
372
Select bibliography
373
US and Soviet foreignbased systems to be removed under
377
Index
379
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About the author (1989)

Robert E. Harkavy is at Pennsylvania State University.

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