The Epicurean school of philosophy was one of the dominant philosophies of the Hellenistic period. Founded by Epicurus of Samos (century 341-270 BCE) it was characterized by an empiricist epistemology and a hedonistic ethics. This new introduction to Epicurus offers readers clear exposition of the central tenets of Epicurus' philosophy, with particular stress placed on those features that have enduring philosophical interest and where parallels can be drawn with debates in contemporary analytic philosophy. Part 1 of the book examines the fundamentals of Epicurus' metaphysics, including atoms and the void, emergent and sensible properties, cosmology, mechanistic biology, the nature and functioning of the mind, death, and freedom of action. Part 2 explores Epicurus' epistemology, including his arguments against scepticism and his ideas on sensations, preconceptions and feelings. The final part deals with Epicurus' ethics, exploring his arguments for hedonism, his distinctive conceptions of types of pleasure and desire, his belief in virtue, his notions of justice, friendship and his theology. O'Keefe provides extended exegesis of the arguments supporting Epicurus' positions, indicating their strengths and weaknesses, while showing the connections between the various parts of his philosophy and how Epicureanism hangs together as a whole.
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the life of Epicurus and the history
introduction and overview ll
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action Ancient sources Epicurus animals aponia Arcesilaus argues Aristotle ataraxia atomic motion atomic swerve Atomists atoms and void basic believe beneﬁt bodily organ bodily pleasures Cambridge Carneades causal determinism cause Chapter Cicero collisions Colotes compound bodies cosmos Cyrenaics Democritean Democritus desire difﬁcult doctrine DRNI Eleatic empty space Epicu Epicureans Epicurus Epicurus on Freedom Epicurus says ethics example exist explanation fear of death ﬁnd ﬁre ﬁrst friends friendship fulﬁl Glaucon gods Greek happiness harm hedonism Hermarchus human justice Likewise living Lucretius mental pleasures mind move natural objects one’s Parmenides phenomena Philodemus philosophy physics Plato plausible pleasures and pains Plutarch position preconceptions principle of bivalence properties reason sake sceptic self-refuting sensations sense sensible qualities Sext Sextus Empiricus simply sort sources Epicurus Ep spatial minima Stoics supposed texts things tion true University Press wise Epicurean wise person