Subtractive Schooling: U.S. - Mexican Youth and the Politics of Caring
Subtractive Schooling provides a framework for understanding the patterns of immigrant achievement and U.S.-born underachievement frequently noted in the literature and observed by the author in her ethnographic account of regular-track youth attending a comprehensive, virtually all-Mexican, inner-city high school in Houston. Valenzuela argues that schools subtract resources from youth in two major ways: firstly by dismissing their definition of education and secondly, through assimilationist policies and practices that minimize their culture and language. A key consequence is the erosion of students’ social capital evident in the absence of academically oriented networks among acculturated, U.S.-born youth.
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I would give it 5 stars if it's scope were larger though this is undoubtedly a quality micro-ethnographic study of Juan Seguin High School in Texas.
She concentrates primarily on 3 things: 1) How Seguin seems to subtract culture from Latin (both immigrant and non-immigrant) students...Obviously...
2) The importance of Caring both from the teacher and students perspectives.
3) The differences between U.S. born and Immigrant born students success rates and possible reasons why.
Mexican Immigrant and Mexican American Achievement
The Subtractive Elements of Caring and Cultural Assimilation
Unmasking Barriers to Progress
Seguin High School in Historical Perspective Mexican Americans Struggle for Equal Educational Opportunity in Houston
The Early Years
Changing Demographics and the Mexicanization of the East End and Seguin High
The Experience of Schooling for Mexican Immigrant Youth
Immigrant Youth and the Question of Empeno
CrossGenerational Gender and Social Capital
Social Capital amount USBorn Youth
Subtractive Schooling and Divisions among Youth
Relationships and the Politics of Difference
Ross v Eckels and the Struggle for Just Integration
The Seguin School Walkout
TeacherStudent Relations and the Politics of Caring
The Uncaring Student Prototype
Americanized Immigrant Youth
Not Caring as Student Resistance
Caring and Pedagogy
When Teachers Do Not Initiate Relation
Contributions and Limitations of the Caring and Education Literature
Love is One Taquito Away
Everyday Experiences in the Lives of Immigrant and USBorn Youth