Introducing English Grammar
Answering key questions such as 'Why study grammar?' and 'What is standard English?', Introducing English Grammar guides readers through the practical analysis of the syntax of English sentences.
With all special terms carefully explained as they are introduced, the book is written for readers with no previous experience of grammatical analysis. It is ideal for all those beginning their study of linguistics, English language or speech pathology, as well as students with primarily literary interests who need to cover the basics of linguistic analysis.
The approach taken is in line with current research in grammar, a particular advantage for students who may go on to study syntax in more depth. All the examples and exercises use real language taken from newspaper articles, non-standard dialects and include excerpts from studies of patients with language difficulties. Students are encouraged to think about the terminology as a tool kit for studying language and to test what can and cannot be described using these tools.
This new edition has been fully revised in line with recent research. There is a new chapter on World English, a new glossary and a free website with extensive further reading and answers to the exercises.
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the glamour of grammar
2 The structure of sentences
3 The words of English
4 Functions within the clause
5 Different sentence types
6 The verb phrase
7 The noun phrase
8 Clauses within clauses
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adjectives adjuncts adverbial auxiliary verbs barbecue chicken legs Big Issue Bislama chapter co-ordination complex constituency tests context count noun determiner direct object discourse disrespect dummy elements fact finite focus following examples following sentences food-rejection therapy free morphemes function Futurama grammatical hence hobbit imperative Indian English inflectional interrogative kids language lexical categories lexical verb linguistic look meaning modal modifiers mono-transitive morphemes node non-finite clauses noun phrase object complement occur passive past tense perfect aspect phrasal categories plural position pre-modifiers predicative complement present tense question refer relative clause relative pronoun semantic sentence types shell-shocked mr Toast Singlish soup-filled Jacuzzi South Park speakers speech Standard English structure sub-clauses subject–operator inversion subordinate clauses syntactic tamagotchi that-clauses there’s things tion tree typical ultimately unsuccessful ungrammatical unsuccessful weight-loss program varieties verb form verb phrase verb string wh-constituent wh-interrogatives word order yes–no