The Chumash World at European Contact: Power, Trade, and Feasting Among Complex Hunter-Gatherers
When Spanish explorers and missionaries came onto Southern California's shores in 1769, they encountered the large towns and villages of the Chumash, a people who at that time were among the most advanced hunter-gatherer societies in the world. The Spanish were entertained and fed at lavish feasts hosted by chiefs who ruled over the settlements and who participated in extensive social and economic networks. In this first modern synthesis of data from the Chumash heartland, Lynn H. Gamble weaves together multiple sources of evidence to re-create the rich tapestry of Chumash society. Drawing from archaeology, historical documents, ethnography, and ecology, she describes daily life in the large mainland towns, focusing on Chumash culture, household organization, politics, economy, warfare, and more.
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2 The Environment and Its Management
3 Cultural Setting
4 Historic Chumash Settlements on the Mainland Coast
5 Village and Household Organization
6 Subsistence and Feasting
7 Rank Ritual and Power
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The Chumash World at European Contact: Power, Trade, and Feasting Among ...
Lynn H. Gamble
No preview available - 2008
acorns antap archaeological Arnold arrow artifacts asphaltum associated Barbara Channel region baskets Bodega Bay bone burials California Indians centers ceremonial Channel Islands chapter chert chiefs Chumash region Chumash settlements coastal conﬂict Costansó documented early historic economic efﬁgies elite Erlandson ethnographic ethnohistoric evidence excavations feasts ﬁgure ﬁre ﬁrst ﬁsh ﬁshing ﬁve ﬂoor Gamble Glassow Goleta Slough Harrington Helo historic cemetery historic period houses Hudson and Blackburn Humaliwo hunter-gatherers identiﬁed individuals inhabitants interior Island Chumash Johnson Kennett King Late period magnesite mainland coast mammals mash Mescalitan Island mission Museum Muwu n/a n/a n/a networks northern Channel Islands noted Patwin plank canoe Poaceae Point Conception political Pomo population Portolá expedition probably Pueblos record ritual Rogers Santa Barbara Channel Santa Monica Mountains shell beads signiﬁcant social society Spanish steatite storage structures subsistence suggested sweatlodges Syuxtun tion towns Ventureño village warfare wealth Yokuts