Fairy Tales from Before Fairy Tales: The Medieval Latin Past of Wonderful Lies
When did fairy tales begin? What qualifies as a fairy tale? Is a true fairy tale oral or literary? Or is a fairy tale determined not by style but by content? To answer these and other questions, Jan M. Ziolkowski not only provides a comprehensive overview of the theoretical debates about fairy tale origins but includes an extensive discussion of the relationship of the fairy tale to both the written and oral sources. Ziolkowski offers interpretations of a sampling of the tales in order to sketch the complex connections that existed in the Middle Ages between oral folktales and their written equivalents, the variety of uses to which the writers applied the stories, and the diverse relationships between the medieval texts and the expressions of the same tales in the "classic" fairy tale collections of the nineteenth century. In so doing, Ziolkowski explores stories that survive in both versions associated with, on the one hand, such standards of the nineteenth-century fairy tale as the Brothers Grimm, Hans Christian Andersen, and Carlo Collodi and, on the other, medieval Latin, demonstrating that the literary fairy tale owes a great debt to the Latin literature of the medieval period.
Jan M. Ziolkowski is the Arthur Kingsley Porter Professor of Medieval Latin at Harvard University.
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ONE Folktales in Medieval Latin Poetry
TWO Between Sacred Legend and Folktale
THREE A Cautionary Tale
FOUR True Lies and the Growth of Wonder
FIVE The Wonder of The Turnip Tale ca 1200
Sadly Never After
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Andersen animal Asinarius audience beast Bertini Brothers Grimm Campriano century Charles Perrault Christian classical collection culture daughter dieval donkey prince Donkey Tale Dundes edition Egbert Egbert's poem English fairy tale fairy tales father Folklore folklorists folktale Gatti genre German girl Hans Christian Andersen Hans My Hedgehog Hedgehog hide Jack Zipes Jacob Jacob Grimm Jonah Kibitz king Langosch later Latin poem Letaldus Letaldus's literature Little Claus little farmer Little Red Riding Lontzen manuscript Marchen marvelous Medieval Latin Middle Ages mime player miracles motif myth narrative night once One-Ox oral tradition original peasant Perrault philology poet poor priest Propp Rapularius Red Riding Hood rich sack Scarpafico scholars social story storytellers swallowed tale type tell texts theory tion trans translation Turnip Tale Turnip Tale frivola Turnip Tale prodiga Unibos University Press vols Wesselski whale wife Wilhelm Grimm wolf wonder words written Ziolkowski Zipes