Intellectual Property Rights and International Trade
This book provides background on intellectual property rights (IPR) and discusses the role of U.S. international trade policy in enhancing IPR protection and enforcement abroad. IPR are legal rights granted by governments to encourage innovation and creative output by ensuring that creators reap the benefits of their inventions or works and they may take the form of patents, trade secrets, copyrights, trademarks, or geographical indications. U.S. industries that rely on IPR contribute significantly to U.S. economic growth, employment, and trade with other countries. Counterfeiting and piracy in other countries may result in the loss of billions of dollars of revenue for U.S. firms as well as the loss of jobs. Responsibility for developing IPR policy, engaging in IPR-related international negotiations, and enforcing IPR laws cuts across several different U.S. Government agencies. The main structures for co-ordinating interagency efforts are the National Intellectual Property Law Enforcement Co-ordinating Council (NIPLECC) and the Strategy Targeting Organised Piracy (STOP!).
110th Congress Access to Medicines Additionally China compulsory license Congress on Coordination Coordination of Intellectual Copyright Office counterfeit and pirated counterfeit drugs CRS Report data exclusivity developing countries Doha Declaration drug economic enforcement activities enforcement of IPR estimated federal free trade agreements FTAs geographical indications IIPA innovation Intellectual Property Enforcement intellectual property protection Intellectual Property Rights international IPR IPR enforcement IPR infringement IPR laws IPR protection issues million Moises Naim motion picture piracy multilateral NIPLECC parallel importation Paris Convention patent and trademark patent holder patent protection Peru PhRMA piracy rate Priority Foreign Countries promote protection and enforcement provisions Prticle rights-holders Section 337 September 2006 software piracy Special 301 Report System of Preferences trade negotiations trade policy trade secrets traditional knowledge Treaty TRIPS Agreement U.S. economy U.S. government U.S. industries U.S. International Trade U.S. trade United USTR WIPO World Trade Organization