AURA and Its US National Observatories

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Cambridge University Press, Mar 6, 1997 - History - 367 pages
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A new source of funding for astronomy stemmed from the creation of the National Science Foundation (NSF) in 1950. Astronomers were quick to take advantage of the opportunity to found new observatories. The science and politics of the establishment ,funding, construction and operation of the Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) and the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO) by the Association of Universities for research in Astronomy, (AURA), are here, seen from the unique perspective of Frank K. Edmondson, a former member of the AURA board of directors.
 

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Contents

Planning for the growing needs of US astronomy in the postwar
6
John B Irwins paper on Optimum Location of a Photoelectric
14
The role of Robert R McMath as a trusted advisor to the Director
26
The site survey Planning for a large solar telescope
46
Discussion of the purpose and goals of the National Astronomical
59
The selection of Kitt Peak on March 1 1958 Negotiation of a lease
85
The AURA Board of Directors choose a name for the observatory
94
The Kitt Peak space program
109
The complicated story of the Ford Foundation grant
178
The USSR Pulkovo Observatory astrometric expedition to Chile
199
The European Southern Observatory ESO
203
The Carnegie Southern Observatory CARSO
215
An active planetary research program replaces the large orbiting
227
The 25th anniversary celebration of AURA and KPNO on February
245
A look back and a look ahead by Dr Goetz K Oertel AURA
251
Notes and references
264

The observatory is reorganized on March 14 1960 and a
124
The Chile Project Professor Rutllants June 1958 visit to the Yerkes
137
Completion of the site survey and the selection of Cerro Tololo
148
A project manager is appointed for the 150inch telescope and
170
List of taped interviews
347
Senior officers of AURA
353
Copyright

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Page 280 - This book is one of a series prepared in connection with the Survey of the Behavioral and Social Sciences conducted between 1967 and 1969 under the auspices of the Committee on Science and Public Policy of the National Academy of Sciences and the Problems and Policy Committee of the Social Science Research Council.

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