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ABCD altitude axis base breadth bung diameter calculation cask circle circular segment circumference column complement cosecant cosine cotangent course cube cubic decimal departure and difference Diff difference of latitude difference of longitude distance divided earth equal to half equator feet figure find the area frustum given sides greater hypothenuse inches inscribed JEREMIAH DAY lateral surface length less logarithm measured Mercator's meridian middle diameter middle latitude miles number of degrees number of sides oblique opposite parallel of latitude parallel sailing parallelogram parallelopiped perimeter perpendicular perpendicular height plane sailing prism PROBLEM proportion pyramid quadrant quantity quotient radius ratio regular polygon right angled triangle right cylinder rods rule secant sector segment ship sails sine slant-height sphere spherical subtract tables tangent term theorem trapezium triangle ABC Trig trigonometry wine gallons zone
Page 49 - The circumference of every circle is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts, called degrees ; each degree into 60 equal parts, called minutes ; and each minute into 60 equal parts, called seconds.
Page 48 - The surface of a sphere is equal to the product of its diameter by the circumference of a great circle.
Page 55 - ... the square of the hypothenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides.
Page 67 - It will be sufficient to lay the edge of a rule on C, so as to be parallel to a line supposed to pass through B and D, and to mark the point of intersection G. 126. If after a field has been surveyed, and the area computed, the chain is found to be too long or too short ; the true contents may be found, upon the principle that similar figures are to each other as the squares of their homologous sides.
Page 19 - RULE. Find the area of the sector which has the same arc, and also the area of the triangle formed by the chord of the segment and the radii of the sector. Then...
Page 131 - In any plane triangle, the sum of any two sides is to their difference as the tangent of half the sum of the opposite angles is to the tangent of half their difference. By Theorem II. we have a : b : : sin. A : sin. B.
Page 27 - CUBIC MEASURE 1728 cubic inches = 1 cubic foot 27 cubic feet = 1 cubic yard...
Page 63 - GF : hence also, the sum of the eastings is equal to the sum of the westings. We therefore conclude, that when any survey is correctly made, the sum of the northings will be equal to the sum of the southings, and the sum of the eastings to the sum of the westings.
Page 12 - A circle is a plane figure contained by one line, which is called the circumference, and is such, that all straight lines drawn from a certain point within the figure to the circumference are equal to one another : 16. And this point is called the centre of the circle.