## An Easy Guide to Factor AnalysisFactor analysis is a statistical technique widely used in psychology and the social sciences. With the advent of powerful computers, factor analysis and other multivariate methods are now available to many more people. An Easy Guide to Factor Analysis presents and explains factor analysis as clearly and simply as possible. The author, Paul Kline, carefully defines all statistical terms and demonstrates step-by-step how to work out a simple example of principal components analysis and rotation. He further explains other methods of factor analysis, including confirmatory and path analysis, and concludes with a discussion of the use of the technique with various examples. An Easy Guide to Factor Analysis is the clearest, most comprehensible introduction to factor analysis for students. All those who need to use statistics in psychology and the social sciences will find it invaluable. Paul Kline is Professor of Psychometrics at the University of Exeter. He has been using and teaching factor analysis for thirty years. His previous books include Intelligence: the psychometric view (Routledge 1990) and The Handbook of Psychological Testing (Routledge 1992). |

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#### LibraryThing Review

User Review - bluetyson - LibraryThingAn Easy Guide to Factor Analysis by Paul Kline is perhaps not so easy. I am not sure Kline has a grasp on what that means. Perhaps easy to an expert already, but I have certainly read mathematics ... Read full review

### Contents

1 | |

2 Statistical terms and concepts | 14 |

3 Principal components analysis | 28 |

4 Other methods of factor analysis | 42 |

5 Rotation of factors | 56 |

6 Confirmatory factor analysis and path analysis | 80 |

examples from personality testing | 100 |

8 Factor analysis in test construction | 125 |

9 Factor analysis in a wider context | 140 |

10 Interpreting confirmatory and path analyses | 157 |

the use and abuse of factor analysis in research | 173 |

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### Common terms and phrases

ability academic success algebra anxiety argued authoritarian personality Cattell Cattell’s Chapter coefﬁcients common factor computed conﬁrmatory analysis correlation matrix criterion deﬁned Deﬁnition diagonals difﬁculties Direct Oblimin discussed Easy Guide eigenvalues example explained exploratory factor analysis extracted extraversion factor loadings factor pattern factor scores factor space factor structure ﬁeld ﬁrst ﬁt ﬁve G scale hypotheses identiﬁed illustrate important indices intelligence interpret items loading iterative Kline large samples latent variables likelihood factor analysis Loehlin mathematical maximum likelihood factor means measures methods of condensation neuroticism number of factors Nunnally OATB oblique rotations obtained orthogonal path analysis path diagram personality factors points possible PPT scales principal components analysis problems procedures psychology psychoticism Q factor reference vector regression replicable residual matrix rotated factors Scree Scree test selected shown signiﬁcant simple structure factor social sciences solution speciﬁc squared structure matrix subjects Table test construction validity zero