Hellenicity: Between Ethnicity and Culture
University of Chicago Press, May 15, 2002 - History - 312 pages
In today's cosmopolitan world, ethnic and national identity has assumed an ever-increasing importance. But how is this identity formed, and how does it change over time?
With Hellenicity, Jonathan M. Hall explores these questions in the context of ancient Greece, drawing on an exceptionally wide range of evidence to determine when, how, why, and to what extent the Greeks conceived themselves as a single people. Hall argues that a subjective sense of Hellenic identity emerged in Greece much later than is normally assumed. For instance, he shows that the four main ethnic subcategories of the ancient Greeks—Akhaians, Ionians, Aiolians, and Dorians—were not primordial survivals from a premigratory period, but emerged in precise historical circumstances during the eighth and seventh centuries B.C. Furthermore, Hall demonstrates that the terms of defining Hellenic identity shifted from ethnic to broader cultural criteria during the course of the fifth century B.C., chiefly due to the influence of Athens, whose citizens formulated a new Athenoconcentric conception of "Greekness."
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Ahhiyawa Aiolians Aiolos Akhaians Amphiktyony ancient archaeological Archaic period Argive Argolid Argos argues Asia Minor Athenian Athens attested Attika barbarians Boiotians Bronze Age Cassola Catalogue of Women chapter claims common Delphi derived descent Deukalion dialects Diodoros Dorians Doros earlier early Egyptian eighth century elite epics eponymous ethne ethnic group evidence fact FGrH fifth century Greece Greek cities Hellas Hellenic Hellenic Genealogy Hellenic identity Herakleidai Herodotos Hesiod Hippias historical Homeric hoplite Iliad indigenous inscriptions Ionians Isokrates J. M. Hall Karian king kinship Korinthian Krete Lakonia language late later Lelantine War linguistic literary Lokrians Lydian M. L. West Makedonian Malkin material culture Merkelbach-West Messenian migration Miletos Mycenaean myth non-Greek Odyssey Olympia Olympic Games origins Panhellenes Pausanias Pelasgians Peloponnese Peloponnesian Persian Phoenician Phokian Ploutarkh populations pottery sanctuary seventh century Sicily sixth South Italy Spartan Strabo suggests term Theopompos Thessalian Thessaly Thoukydides Timaios tion tradition Trojan victors