Hellenicity: Between Ethnicity and Culture

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University of Chicago Press, May 15, 2002 - History - 312 pages
In today's cosmopolitan world, ethnic and national identity has assumed an ever-increasing importance. But how is this identity formed, and how does it change over time?

With Hellenicity, Jonathan M. Hall explores these questions in the context of ancient Greece, drawing on an exceptionally wide range of evidence to determine when, how, why, and to what extent the Greeks conceived themselves as a single people. Hall argues that a subjective sense of Hellenic identity emerged in Greece much later than is normally assumed. For instance, he shows that the four main ethnic subcategories of the ancient Greeks—Akhaians, Ionians, Aiolians, and Dorians—were not primordial survivals from a premigratory period, but emerged in precise historical circumstances during the eighth and seventh centuries B.C. Furthermore, Hall demonstrates that the terms of defining Hellenic identity shifted from ethnic to broader cultural criteria during the course of the fifth century B.C., chiefly due to the influence of Athens, whose citizens formulated a new Athenoconcentric conception of "Greekness."

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Theory and Method in Studying Ethnicity l
The Question of Origins
Blood and Belonging in Early Greece
Identity and Alterity? The View from the Margins
The Ethnogenesis of the Hellenes
From Ethnicity to Culture
Dating Early Greek Poets
The Historicity of Early Olympic Victors
Index of Ancient Sources

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About the author (2002)

Jonathan M. Hall is professor in the Department of History and the College, and professor and chair of the Department of Classics and the Committee on the Ancient Mediterranean World at the University of Chicago. He is the author of Ethnic Identity in Greek Antiquity, which received the 1999 Charles J. Goodwin Award for Merit from the American Philological Association.

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