Abduction, Belief, and Context in Dialogue: Studies in Computational Pragmatics

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Harry C. Bunt, W. J. Black
John Benjamins Publishing, Jan 1, 2000 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 471 pages
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Language is always generated and interpreted in a certain context, and the semantic, syntactic, and lexical properties of linguistic expressions reflect this. Interactive language understanding systems, such as language-based dialogue systems, therefore have to apply contextual information to interpret their inputs and to generate appropriate outputs, but are in practice very poor at this. This book contains a number of studies in Computational Pragmatics, the newly emerging field of study of how contextual information can be effectively brought to bear in language understanding and generation. The various chapters center around the conceptual, formal and computational modeling of context in general, of the relevant beliefs of dialogue participants in particular, and of the reasoning that may be applied to relate linguistic phenomena to aspects of the dialogue context.
These issues are discussed both from a theoretical point of view and in relation to their roles in prototypical language understanding systems.
 

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Contents

The ABC of Computational Pragmatics
1
An activitybased approach to pragmatics
47
Dialogue pragmatics and context specification
81
Pragmatics in language understanding and cognitively motivated architectures
151
Dialogue analysis using layered protocols
189
Coherence and structure in text and discourse
233
Discourse focus tracking
265
Speech act theory and epistemic planning
293
The doxasticepistemic force of declarative utterances
327
A conceptual modelling approach to the implementation of beliefs and intentions
353
a real distinction?
381
abduction in DICE
391
Abductive reasoning with knowledge bases for context modelling
413
Abductive speech act recognition corporate agents and the COSMA system
429
List of Contributors
457
Index
461

declarative or interrogative that is the question
311

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