The Philosophy Steamer: Lenin and the Exile of the Intelligentsia
In 1922, Lenin personally drew up a list of some 220 'undesirable' intellectuals to be deported in preparation for the creation of the Soviet Union in December of that year. Two ships sailed from Petrograd that autumn, taking around 70 of these eminent men and their families away to what became permanent exile in Berlin, Prague and Paris. Using diaries, letters and memoirs, The Philosophy Steamer tells the story of the philosophers, writers, journalists and scholars thrown out of their homeland and forced to join emigre communities. It also explores the fate of ideas: not just those of Lenin, but also of the men who, though forced to leave their homeland, made unique contributions to the cultural and intellectual life of the twentieth century.
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academic Aikhenvald Aleksei anti-Soviet arrested arrived became Berberova Berdyaev Berlin Bolsheviks Bolshevism Boris Brutskus Boris Lossky Brutskus Bulgakov Cheka Christian Church Communist cultural Czech Czechoslovakia deported economist emigre Eurasianism exile Expelled in 1922 expellees expulsion freedom German Glavatsky Gorky Gumilyov Gustav Shpet Haken historian Ibid idea idealists Ilyin intellectual intelligentsia Izgoev journalist Kadet Karsavin Khodasevich Kizevetter Kuskova Lapshin Lenin liberal literary literature lived London Lutokhin Marxist Mayakovsky Mensheviks Mikhail modern moral Moscow Myakotin Nabokov Nikolai Nikolai Lossky Nina Berberova Osorgin Paris Peshekhonov Petrograd Philosophy Steamer poet political Pomgol Prague Preussen prison professors Prokopovich published Pyotr Struve regime religious Revolution Roman Jakobson Russia Abroad Russian Russian philosophy Schlogel Semyon Sergei Sergei Bulgakov social socialist Sorokin Soviet Russia Soviet Union spiritual St Petersburg Stalin Stepun Struve Tatyana Frank thinkers Tolstoy took Trotsky Trubetskoy Ugrimov University Vladimir Volkogonov Lenin Volkovysky Vysheslavtsev West Western wrote Zamyatin