Ecology, the Ascendent Perspective: Robert E. Ulanowicz
Ecology, the Ascendent Perspective provides an entirely fresh view of the origins of organization in living systems. Writing for theoretical ecologists, biologists, and philosophers of science, Robert Ulanowicz mounts a powerful challenge to prevailing mechanistic paradigms of ecology. Ecology, Ulanowicz argues, needs a more robust central paradigm, and this book presents one derived from current work in information theory, ecosystem energetics, and complexity theory; the result is a theoretical and empirical tool kit better able to measure the developmental status of any living community. Ranging widely to explore critical issues in the history of science - order, causality, progress, laws - the book sets forth a coherent theoretical framework for ecology. A challenge to existing Newtonian and Darwinian paradigms, Ecology, the Ascendent Perspective demonstrates that a theoretically reshaped science of ecology, better suited to portraying the dynamics of the natural world, can be a more effective means of ensuring its health.
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activity agency appear autocatalytic become behavior biomass carbon causality cause chaos theory Chesapeake Chesapeake Bay compartment complexity components concept conditional probabilities configuration connections conservation constraints cycle dency Depew and Weber deterministic development capacity dissipation dynamics ecologists ecology ecosys ecosystem effects efficient elements energy entropy equilibrium eutrophication example exergy feedback figure flow networks focal level forces formal formal cause gradient growth identify increase indeterminacy indirect mutualism information theory inputs interactions living systems logarithm loop magnitude material measure mechanical mesozooplankton microscopic mutual information nature neural Newton Newtonian nitrogen node nutrient observation occur Odum organization overhead particular pathways periphyton perspective perturbations phenomena physical phytoplankton Popper population Prigogine principle probability processes propensities quantify quantum redundancy relative remain result scale scenario second law spatial species striped bass structure system ascendency tems thermodynamic equilibrium thermodynamics tion total system throughput trajectory trophic Ulanowicz Utricularia variables zooplankton