Heating, Cooling, Lighting: Design Methods for Architects
Using a qualitative rather than a quantitative approach, presents detailed information based on concepts, rules, guidelines, intuition, and experience for architects in the areas of heating, cooling, and lighting at the schematic design stage. The data explored supports a three-tiered approach--load avoidance, using natural energy sources, and mechanical equipment. Among the topics covered are shading, thermal envelope, passive heating and cooling, electric lighting, and HVAC. Case studies illustrate how certain buildings use techniques at all three tiers for heating, cooling, and lighting. An appendix lists some of the more appropriate computer programs available to the architect for analysis at the schematic design stage.
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active solar architects atrium block brightness ceiling Chapter clerestory climate region cold collector color convection Courtesy create daylight degree-days diffuse direct gain direct glare dows ducts earth Earth Sheltered east and west effect eggcrate electric ergy evaporative cooling facades FIGURE floor fluorescent lamps footcandles Frank Lloyd Wright glass glazing heat gain heat loss heat pump heat sink horizontal overhang illumination indoor insulation JUNE JULY AUG lamps latitude light source louvers movable natural ventilation night orientation outdoor overheated period R-value reflector roof SEPT shade line shading devices shadow shown in Fig skylights slopes solar access solar energy solar radiation stack effect strategies summer sun machine sun path sunspace surface Table temperature thermal comfort thermal mass thermal storage wall tion ture underheated period veiling reflections vents vertical fins visual wind speed winter sun zone