The Making of Modern Colombia: A Nation in Spite of Itself
Colombia's status as the fourth largest nation in Latin America and third most populous—as well as its largest exporter of such disparate commodities as emeralds, books, processed cocaine, and cut flowers—makes this, the first history of Colombia written in English, a much-needed book. It tells the remarkable story of a country that has consistently defied modern Latin American stereotypes—a country where military dictators are virtually unknown, where the political left is congenitally weak, and where urbanization and industrialization have spawned no lasting populist movement.
There is more to Colombia than the drug trafficking and violence that have recently gripped the world's attention. In the face of both cocaine wars and guerrilla conflict, the country has maintained steady economic growth as well as a relatively open and democratic government based on a two-party system. It has also produced an impressive body of art and literature.
David Bushnell traces the process of state-building in Colombia from the struggle for independence, territorial consolidation, and reform in the nineteenth century to economic development and social and political democratization in the twentieth. He also sheds light on the modern history of Latin America as a whole.
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Indians and Spaniards
Severing the Ties with Spain 17811819
The Gran Colombian Experiment 18191830
Independent New Granada A Nation State Not Yet a Nation 18301849
The NineteenthCentury Liberal Revolution 18491885
The Regeneration and Its Aftermath A PositivistConservative Reaction 18851904
The New Age of Peace and Coffee 19041930
The Liberal Republic 19301946
The National Front Achievements and Failures 19581978
The Latest Era Confounding the Predictions 1978
Presidential Elections 18261990
The Era of the Violencia 19461957
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administration Antioqueno Antioquia Antonio areas artisans became Bogota Bolivar candidate capital Caribbean Cartagena Cauca century church cities civil colonial Communist Congress Conservative constitution country's Cundinamarca David Bushnell dictatorship economic Ecuador election export faction favor federal finally forces foreign Gaitan Gran Colombia Granada growth guerrilla Gustavo Rojas Pinilla Historia important increase independence Indian Jose junta labor land Latin American Laureano Gomez leaders least leftist less Liberal Party Lleras lombian Lopez Luis Carlos Galan Magdalena River major Marquez Medellin ment military Mosquera Muiscas Narino National Front Nunez Obando Ospina Panama Pasto peasant percent Peru pesos political Popayan population president presidential production provinces Radical Rafael Railroad reform regime region religious Restrepo revolutionary Reyes Rojas Pinilla rural Santa Marta Santander sector social socioeconomic Spain Spanish Taironas tariff term tion tobacco took trade traditional Tunja United urban Venezuela violence Violencia votes workers