Spiritual Psychology: The Fourth Intellectual Journey in Transcendent Philosophy : Volumes VIII and IX of the Asfar

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ICAS Press, 2008 - Islam and philosophy - 747 pages
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What is the soul? How does it develop? How does it relate to the body? With his unique multi-disciplinary approach, Mulla Sadra approaches these timeless questions through the lens of his transcendental mystical Islamic philosophy. Psychosomatic diseases, life after death, metempsychosis, and the reality beyond this world are all explored here. Spiritual Psychology is a translation of Volumes VIII and IX of Mulla Sadras monumental work al-Asfar al-Arbaah (The Four Spiritual Journeys). Studied in depth in many seminaries, al-Asfar al-Arbaah is a pivotal work in Islamic philosophy and a fascinating excursion into the depths of the divine reality and the human soul. One of the greatest philosophers in Islamic history, Mulla Sadra (1571-1640) founded the transcendental school of philosophy (al-hikmat al-mutaaliyah). Born in Shiraz, Iran, he taught philosophy for many years under the auspices of the Safavid government before retiring to the village of Kahak for a fifteen year retreat. During this time, he formulated his signature approach to philosophy, theology, hadith, and Quranic exegesis an approach which remains influential to the present day.
 

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Contents

Chapter I
1
On the quiddity of the absolute soul
15
On the explanation of the immateriality of
33
On the enumeration of the faculties of the soul
42
Chapter III
63
On the act of the faculty of digestion
69
On these faculties which are double in some
72
On the reason why the faculties such as of growth
80
Chapter X
447
On the misfortune which is contrary to the real
457
On how the Active Intellect is attained in
466
On the explication of the sensible felicity
472
On the different positions of the people regarding
490
On the differences in degrees in mankind
499
The admonition on the nobility of the Science
508
Chapter XI
515

On the investigation of the views about
91
On the allusion to the number of faculties of
110
On these levels of the soul
117
On which organ is generated first
123
On the difference among these faculties
129
On the faculty of touch and its states
138
On the faculty of smell
144
On the faculty of vision
154
On what the adherents of the theory of rays hold
166
On the necessity of the mediation of a transparent
171
Chapter V
178
On the faculty of imagination
184
On the explication that soul is all the faculties
192
On the refutation of the view that the soul does
201
On the numerous views of the ancients
212
Chapter VI
228
On the proofs from the transmitted sciences
264
Chapter VII
281
On the explanation of the above important issue
295
The soul is not corrupted at the corruption of
324
The discourse on the Illuminated Place of Return
332
The Cause of rational soul is some immaterial
338
On the refutation of the different kinds
348
On dispelling the remaining doubts for
366
On the completion of insight into this issue
384
For every individual human there is one essence
390
On the weakness of the argument of the author
398
On the first connecting place of the soul in
406
On the attributes of the human soul
418
On the manner of the ascent of the perceptions
424
On the faculties of the soul connected to the body
432
On the conclusion of what we have presented
525
On removing the doubt of the deniers of
531
On the real grave
546
On the Rising
552
On elucidating that human soul has multiple
558
On elucidating that man has multiple innumerable major resurrections
561
On the reminder that death is right and the Rising is right
563
On the allusion to the Resurrection of all existents
568
On the meaning of the Hour
595
On the meaning of the blowing of the Trumpet
596
Minor and Major
599
On which body will be resurrected in the next world
602
On the state of the people of inner eye over here
603
On the Path
605
On the spreading of the Scrolls and the display of the Books
611
On the reality of the Reckoning and Scale
617
On the allusion to the groups of people on the Day of Resurrection
624
On the states occurring on the Day of Resurrection
626
On the explication of the quiddity of the Paradise and Hell
638
On the allusion to the places of manifestation of the Paradise and Hell
648
On the gates of the Paradise and Hell
649
On the completion of the insight about the states of the Paradise and Hell
655
On how the people of Hell abide forever in the Hell
666
On the clarification of the knowledge of the Hell its matter and form
680
On determining the substratum of pains and punishments in the Hell
686
On the allusion to the guards of Hell and their number
689
On the allusion to the levels of wayfaring towards
692
Glossary of Terms
708
Index of QurÁnic Verses
722
Index of Books Names and Places
738
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About the author (2008)

Mulla Sadra Shirazi (1571-1640) was one of the most influential Muslim philosophers of the last four hundred years. The author of over forty works, he was the principal figure of the major revival of philosophy which took place in Iran in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. His school of thought remains alive and flourishing in Iran to this day.

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