The Logic of Violence in Civil War
By analytically decoupling war and violence, this book explores the causes and dynamics of violence in civil war. Against the prevailing view that such violence is an instance of impenetrable madness, the book demonstrates that there is logic to it and that it has much less to do with collective emotions, ideologies, and cultures than currently believed. Kalyvas specifies a novel theory of selective violence: it is jointly produced by political actors seeking information and individual civilians trying to avoid the worst but also grabbing what opportunities their predicament affords them. Violence, he finds, is never a simple reflection of the optimal strategy of its users; its profoundly interactive character defeats simple maximization logics while producing surprising outcomes, such as relative nonviolence in the 'frontlines' of civil war.
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Achladokambos acts of violence additional Aghia Triada Almopia Anifi archival sources Argolid EAM collaborator Argolid EAM village Argolid ELAS guerrilla Argolid ELAS/DSE guerrilla Argolid Peasant Arkadia Peasant Aschenbrenner Asini biased Chalkidiki Cheli collective memories conducted context Contini criminal Cross-checking DSE guerrilla EAM local cadre EAM sympathizer EAM village leader Eleochori fact Fellman fieldwork Greece Greek Civil Greek Civil War historians Hobsbawm Imathia individual memories informants Interview Interviewee’s Place Interviewee’s Short Description Jing judicial archives judicial sources Kalivia Kapareli Karditsa Kastri Kiveri Korinthia Peasant Kozani Peasant Kranidi leftist Malandreni Manesi Messinia Peasant Methochi Midea Monastiraki Nafplio narratives national history Nea Epidavros Nemea Nicaragua Nikiti Number of Interview one’s OPLA oral recollections oral sources Origin Interviewee’s Short Palestinian partisan Peloponnese Place of Origin political Portelli postwar Prosymna rebels remembered reports repression Right-wing band leader Robben silence Spanish Civil War specific stories talk Thessaloniki Tseria Velvendo wartime