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angle apparatus appear approximately atomic weight axis bulb calculated cane-sugar carbonic cathode charge coefficient concentration condenser conductivity corresponding crystal curve deduced detecting vessel determined dielectric dilution effect electric electrodes electrolytic electrometer electroscope emanation energy equation expansion experimental experiments formula fraction function galvanometer gases given glass gramme gramme of radium heated helium hydrogen hydrogen chloride hydrol increase intensity ionisation ions J. J. Thomson krypton light lines liquid air magnetic measured mercury metal method methylic acetate migration constant molecular molecules negative nitrogen number of a-particles observed obtained optical oxygen paper Phil plane plate porcelain positive potential present pressure produced proportional quantity radiation radio-active radium chloride ratio rays refractive refractive indices rotatory power salt solution spectrum substances sugar sulphuric acid surface tantalum temperature theory Thomson tube urea vapour velocity vertical viscosity voltage volts volume wave-length waves xenon
Page li - In the meantime there is little prospect of the law being proved incorrect. At all events, we must admire the sagacity of Thomson, who, in the letters of a longknown little mathematical formula which only speaks of the heat, volume, and pressure of bodies, was able to discern consequences which threatened the universe, though certainly after an infinite period of time, with eternal death.
Page xxxii - If we do so, however, we meet with innumerable other difficulties — insuperable without farther experimental investigation, and an entire reconstruction of the theory of heat from its foundation. It is in reality to experiment that we must look — either for a verification of Carnot's axiom, and an explanation of the difficulty we have been considering; or for an entirely new basis of the Theory of Heat.
Page xxxviii - There is at present in the material world a universal tendency to the dissipation of mechanical energy. 2. Any restoration of mechanical energy, without more than an equivalent of dissipation, is impossible in inanimate material processes, and is probably never effected by means of organized matter either endowed with vegetable life or subjected to the will of an animated creature. 3. Within a finite period of time past, the earth must have been, and within a finite period...
Page 466 - In a paper published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society, vol. xxiii. p. 455, I have described a form of contact-breaker designed for great rapidity and steadiness of action. It consisted of a steel rod which vibrated under the action of an electromagnet. As regards sharpness of break and steadiness of definition in the striae, this instrument left little or nothing...
Page 412 - Immediately after the water is left free, the disturbance begins analysing itself into two groups of waves, seen travelling in contrary directions from the middle line of the diagram. The perceptible fronts of these two groups extend rightwards and leftwards from the end of the initial static group far beyond the
Page lxvi - The state of the case is shortly this : — The hypothesis of a perfectly rigid crust containing liquid violates physics by assuming preternaturally rigid matter and violates dynamical astronomy in the solar semi-annual and lunar fortnightly nutations ; but tidal theory has nothing to say against it On the other hand the tides decide against any crust flexible enough to perform the nutations correctly with a liquid interior, or as flexible as the crust must be unless of preternaturally rigid matter.
Page xi - An Essay on the application of Mathematical Analysis to the Theories of Electricity and Magnetism...
Page xix - molecular vortices", appears to indicate a line perpendicular to the plane of resultant rotatory momentum ("the invariable plane") of the thermal motions as the magnetic axis of a magnetized body, and suggests the resultant moment of momenta of these motions as the definite measure of the "magnetic moment".
Page lxxiv - The most economical size of the copper conductor for the electric transmission of energy, whether for the electric light or for the performance of mechanical work, would be found by comparing the annual interest of the money value of the copper with the money value of the energy lost annually in the heat generated in it by the electric current.
Page xxxviii - Within a finite period of time past, the Earth must have been, and within a finite period to come the Earth must again be, unfit for the habitation of man as at present constituted, unless operations have been, or are to be, performed, which are impossible under the laws to which the known operations going on at present in the material world are subject.