Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 3, Mathematics and the Sciences of the Heavens and the Earth

Front Cover
Cambridge University Press, 1959 - History - 877 pages
After two volumes mainly introductory, Dr Needham now embarks upon his systematic study of the development of the natural sciences in China. The Sciences of the Earth follow: geography and cartography, geology, seismology and mineralogy. Dr Needham distinguishes parallel traditions of scientific cartography and religious cosmography in East and West, discussing orbocentric wheel-maps, the origins of the rectangular grid system, sailing charts and relief maps, Chinese survey methods, and the impact of Renaissance cartography on the East. Finally-and here Dr Needham's work has no Western predecessors-there are full accounts of the Chinese contribution to geology and mineralogy.
 

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Contents

List of Illustrations
xvi
List of Tables
xxxiii
Acknowledgments
xxxix
MATHEMATICS
1
Aft h Geometry p
91
fro 4 Evaluation of 1 p
99
8 Trigonometry p
108
ano 1 Simultaneous linear equations p
115
The naming cataloguing and mapping of stars p
263
8 The development of astronomical instruments p
284
h Calendrical and planetary astronomy P
390
i Records of celestial phenomena p
409
j The time of the Jesuits p
437
k Summary p
458
METEOROLOGY
462
e Rainbows parhelia and spectres p
473

get 5 Quadratic equations and the method of finite
123
mo 8 The Thien Yuan notation p
129
ins 10 Series and progressions p
137
sei 6 Influences and transmissions p
146
mi
153
m
171
ac 6 Definitions p
178
te te ii Chinese and Japanese literature p
185
d Ancient and medieval cosmological ideas p
210
e The polar and equatorial character of Chinese astronomy
229
8 Thunder and lightning p
480
GEOGRAPHY AND CARTOGRAPHY
497
GEOLOGY and Related Sciences
591
SEISMOLOGY
624
MINERALOGY
636
page
681
GENERAL INDEX
803
Table of Chinese Dynasties
871
Copyright

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