One Hundred Years of Air Power and Aviation

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Texas A&M University Press, 2003 - History - 435 pages
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In Aviation and Air Power in the Twentieth Century Robin Higham, regarded by many as the dean of aviation historians, presents a critical history of British, American, Soviet, German, Italian, French, Japanese, and Israeli aviation. He moves easily from theory to concrete example and back again, in the process discussing the social, economic, and political components of air power, the major wars and police actions in which aircraft have been employed, the composition of air forces, and the creation of aviation industries from the Wright brothers and the early pusher aircraft of World War I through Boeing’s competition with Airbus and the development of the Eurofighter.

In this precise, interpretive, and informative volume, Higham looks at everything from the roots of strategic bombing and tactical air power, to the lessons learned and unlearned during the invasion of Ethiopia, the war in China, and the Spanish Civil War, as well as the problems posed by jet aircraft in Korea and the use of Patriot missiles in the Persian Gulf. He covers anti-guerrilla operations, doctrine, industrial activities and equipment, as well as the development of commercial airlines.

Turning his attention to civil aviation in the closing pages, Higham discusses the “wars” that saw Braniff fold as Continental filed for bankruptcy and Brazil’s Embraer emerged as a third-world success story. He considers the rise and fall of Soviet civil aviation. He discusses the development of new aircraft and the expansion of airports such as O’Hare, which handles more than 200,000 passengers daily.

Higham synthesizes a hundred years of aviation and air power into sets of principles and lessons for future generations of airmen and politicians. Like his earlier works, this book will capture the interest of scholars, students, enthusiasts, and general readers looking for a serious overview by one of the country’s leading aviation historians.

 

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Contents

THE ROYAL CANADIAN AIR FORCE
212
THE DECLINE OF AIR FORCES
214
THE MILITARY AIRCRAFT INDUSTRY
215
THE USSR
217
CHINA
221
The Chinese Civil War 194549
226
The PRC Aircraft Industry
228
The PLAAF 1976
233

THE FIRST WORLD WAR
33
FIGHTER OPERATIONS
40
THE IDEAL
48
AIR POWER AT SEA
49
GRANDSTRATEGIC BOMBING CAMPAIGNS
52
CONCLUSIONS
56
THE INTERWAR YEARS
58
CEMENTING NEW ATTITUDES AND NEW ROLES
69
AIRLINE DEVELOPMENT AND AIRCRAFT PRODUCTION
79
RECORDBREAKING
90
THE PRIVATE EAGLES
91
OPERATIONS
92
China
93
The Spanish Civil War
96
ATTITUDES AT THE OUTBREAK OF WAR
98
THE SECOND WORLD WAR LANDBASED AIR POWER
100
THE AIRCRAFT INDUSTRIES
110
BLITZKRIEG AND AIRBORNE CAMPAIGNS
116
Poland
117
Norway
118
The Attack in the West
119
The Balkans and Crete
122
Consequences
125
Allied Tactical Air Forces
126
The Eastern Front
129
The Longest Front
131
AsiaThe ChinaBurmaIndia Theater
132
AIR POWER AND NATIONAL DEFENSE
135
Axis Air Defense
138
The Siege of Malta
140
Defense against the VWeapons
142
The Far East
146
Economic Intelligence in the Strategic Air Offensive
154
Further Consideration of the Air Offensive against Japan
155
LANDBASED AIR POWER AT SEA
156
ANALYSIS
160
CONCLUSIONS
161
THE SECOND WORLD WAR SEABORNE AIR POWER
163
Taranto
170
Sinking the Bismarck
171
The Channel Dash
173
THE PACIFIC THEATER
174
Pearl Harbor
179
Fateful 1942
181
Malaya
182
The Coral Sea
184
Crucial Midway
185
The Lull Mid1942 to Mid1944
188
The Marianas Turkey Shoot
191
Leyte Gulf
192
ANALYSIS
194
CHANGESMILITARILY POLITICALLY 19452003
196
THE NUCLEAR AGE
197
MILITARY POLICY ORGANIZATION AND EQUIPMENT
201
INTELLIGENCE
211
Chinas Airlines
234
POST1945 MILITARY OPERATIONS
236
AIR INTELLLIGENCE
237
THE KOREAN WAR 195053
240
VIETNAM 195075
245
INDIAPAKISTAN 1965 AND 1971
258
THE ARABISRAELI WARS 1948
260
The 1967 SixDay War
261
The Yom Kippur War of 1973
262
AFGHANISTAN 197988
263
THE PERSIAN OR SECOND GULF WAR 199091
265
BOSNIA AND KOSOVO
274
AFGHANISTAN 20012002
276
MINOR OR COLONIAL AIR WARS SINCE 1945
279
Africa
281
The Congo 196064
282
The Nigerian Civil War 196770
284
Portuguese Guinea 196374
292
Libya 1971 and 1976
293
Morocco 1975
294
East Timor 19752000
296
The Philippines after 1945
297
The FalklandMalvinas War 1982
298
CIVIL AVIATION
304
A TwentiethTwentyfirst Century Perspective
315
Financing
320
Ancillary Industries
322
Personnel
323
VIABLE DESIGNS
326
The SSTs
327
Fuel
330
Evolutionary Problems
331
COMPUTERS AND AIRTRAFFIC CONTROL
332
SECURITY SAFETY AND ACCIDENTS
336
GENERAL AVIATION
337
AIRPORTS
338
The New Facilities
342
AIRLINES
343
WAR ON THE AIRWAYS SINCE 1945
347
Alliances
348
CREW TRAINING
350
SPARES MAINTENANCE AND SAFETY
352
IN OVERVIEW
353
SEPTEMBER 11 2001911
354
PATTERNS PHILOSOPHIES AND LESSONS
357
REALITIES
359
AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURING
363
AIRLINE PATTERNS
364
2003 AND BEYOND
366
ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
369
SELECTED EFFICIENCY RATINGS
374
BIBLIOGRAPHY
387
INDEX
421
Copyright

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Popular passages

Page 27 - Methods. 1921, pp. 1-2. 1. The Principle of the Objective. 2. The Principle of the Offensive. 3. The Principle of Mass.

About the author (2003)

Robin Higham, a former R.A.F. pilot, holds a Ph.D. from Harvard and is professor emeritus at Kansas State University. He is widely credited with having established aviation history as an academic discipline.

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