Situation Theory and Its Applications: Volume 1

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Robin Cooper, Kuniaki Mukai, Jon Barwise, John Perry, Center for the Study of Language and Information (U.S.)
Center for the Study of Language (CSLI), 1990 - Computers - 503 pages
Situation Theory grew out of attempts by Jon Barwise in the late 1970s to provide a semantics for 'naked-infinitive' perceptual reports such as 'Claire saw Jon run'. Barwise's intuition was that Claire didn't just see Jon, an individual, but Jon doing something, a situation. Situations are individuals having properties and standing in relations. A theory of situations would allow us to study and compare various types of situations or situation-like entitles, such as facts, events, and scenes. One of the central themes of situation theory of meaning and reference should be set within a general theory of information, one moreover that is rich enough to do justice to perception, communication, and thought. By now many people have contributed by the need to give a rigorous mathematical account of the principles of information that underwrite the theory.
 

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Contents

Replacement Systems and
3
Information Infons and Inference
33
Infons and Types in an InformationBased Logic
79
Partial Sets
117
An Illative Theory of Relations
133
Perspectives in Situation Theory
147
in FirstOrder Situation Theory
193
Dewey on Defeasibility
233
Situating Word Meaning
315
Information in the Early
343
Argument Roles and Anaphora
379
Some Puzzles About Pronouns
395
Out of the Mouths of Babes
433
Situations Games and Ambiguity
449
Conditionals and Unconditionals
471
Name Index
493

Three Indexical Solutions to the Liar Paradox
269
The Complexity of Paradox
297

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