Biological Relatives: IVF, Stem Cells, and the Future of Kinship
Thirty-five years after its initial success as a form of technologically assisted human reproduction, and five million miracle babies later, in vitro fertilization (IVF) has become a routine procedure worldwide. In Biological Relatives, Sarah Franklin explores how the normalization of IVF has changed how both technology and biology are understood. Drawing on anthropology, feminist theory, and science studies, Franklin charts the evolution of IVF from an experimental research technique into a global technological platform used for a wide variety of applications, including genetic diagnosis, livestock breeding, cloning, and stem cell research. She contends that despite its ubiquity, IVF remains a highly paradoxical technology that confirms the relative and contingent nature of biology while creating new biological relatives. Using IVF as a lens, Franklin presents a bold and lucid thesis linking technologies of gender and sex to reproductive biomedicine, contemporary bioinnovation, and the future of kinship.
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ambivalence analogy animal anthropology argues babies become biological relativity biological reproduction century chapter characterized clinical complex conception context of ivF conventional crucial culture described developmental biology Donna Haraway embryo transfer emphasis evolution exact mechanisms example experimental embryology explore feminist debate FinrragE Foucault frontier gender genetic Guy’s Hannah Landecker Haraway Haraway’s human embryo human ivF human reproductive identity idiom images increasingly infertility kinship labor LÚvi-Strauss living logic of ivF machines mammalian manipulation Marx Marx’s means merographic micromanipulation model organisms natural nology norms nrts offspring organisms parenthood Pincus pipette political precisely preimplantation genetic diagnosis production question relation relationship remaking repro reproductive substance reproductive technologies role scientific sense sexual sexual reproduction Shulamith Firestone social socks sperm stem cell lab Strathern synthetic biology tech technical technique technologies of sex telegony theory tion understand vitro fertilization women