Communalism in Modern India

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Har-Anand, 2008 - Communalism - 412 pages

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Bipan Chandra in his book Communalism in modern India stressed that communalism basically was an ideology, a belief system or inter related assumptions through which polity or society were viewed. Communalism, according to him is a way of looking at politics and society and politics around that ideology and tries to analyses the essential features of communalism and the reasons for its growth in modern India. The author seeks to understand and interpret, and expose, communalism for what it is. He further seeks to determine its roots and social functions during the phase of its birth and growth in the colonial period and why it resulted in the partition of the country. In this process, against the backdrop of the freedom movement, the volume brings to light those aspects of India's social, economic, political and cultural life which were responsible for the growth of communalism. Based on wide-ranging scholarship, the study also examines the role of British imperial policy in fostering communalism, which ultimately attained un-controllable, monstrous proportions. According to Bipan Chandra communal politics till 1937 was organized around government jobs, educational concessions and the like as also political positions - seats in legislative councils, municipal bodies, etc - which enabled control over these and other economic opportunities. According to him communalism developed as a weapon of economically and politically reactionary social classes and political forces. Communal leaders and parties were in general allied with these classes and forces. The vested interests deliberately encouraged communalism because of its capacity to distort and divert popular struggle, to prevent the masses from understanding the real issues. In this book, I will get the general definition of communalism and its various aspects. This book helps me in finding the general diagram of what communalism means. It also helps in plotting the definition of communalism for my research topic 

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