Policing Soviet Society: The Evolution of State Control
Since its creation immediately after the Russian revolution,the militia has had a broad range of social,political and economic functions necessary to direct and control a highly centralized socialist state.However,as the communst party lost its legitimacy the militia was increasingly thrust into the front line of political conflict.A task it was unsuited to perform.Despite the efforts of perestroika to reform it,the collapse of the Soviet state also led to the collapse of morale within the militia.
Louise Shelley provides a comprehensive view of the history,development,functions,personnel and operations of the militia from its inception until after the demise of the Soviet state.The militia combined elements of continental,socialist and colonial policing.Its functions and operations changed with the development of the state,yet it always intervened significantly in citizen's lives and citizens were very much involved in their own control.Over time the militia became more removed from politics and more concerned with crime control,but it always remained a tool of the party.
This is the first book to analyze the militia,which was one of the most vital elements of control within the Soviet State.It will be a crucial aid to understanding the authoritarianism of the communist system and its legacy for Russia and the successor states.
Louise I.Shelley is Professor at the Department of Justice,Law and Society and the School of International Service at the American University,Washington D.C.
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The sources of Soviet policing
The historical development of the militia
The formation of the militia
The postStalinist militia
Structure and personnel of the militia
The organization and management of Soviet policing
Allocation recruitment and training of militia personnel
Soviet militia operations
Policing the deviant social workers with sticks
The militia and crime control
The political functions of the militia
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activities administrative alcohol apparatus areas arrested authority Bolshevik Brezhnev campaign CDSP Central Asia cities colonial Communist Party communist policing corruption criminal investigative democratic deviants division drug druzhinniki economic ethnic example FBIS functions glasnost Gorbachev groups ibid ideology individuals institutions Internal Affairs internal passport internal troops interview justice Khrushchev Komsomol labor late law enforcement law enforcement bodies law enforcement personnel militia officer militia personnel militiamen Minister Ministry of Internal Moscow NKVD nomenklatura OBKhSS offenders OMON organized crime organov passport patrols percent perestroika police forces policemen political Press problem procuracy prostitutes regular police regulations republics responsibility RFE/RL RFE/RL Daily Report RSFSR Russian samizdat security police Shchelokov social socialist Sovetskaia militsiia Soviet citizens Soviet militia Soviet period Soviet police Soviet regime Soviet society Soviet Union Stalin subordinate tsarist undercover USSR USSR MVD Vadim Bakatin violations western workers