Galileo's Inquisition Trial Revisited
This book shows that the known accounts of Galileo's trial leave many important facts unexplained or even clash with them. A most careful reading of the relevant documents and treatises backs an interpretation which has Pope Urban VIII sue Galileo for denying God's omnipotence or His omniscience by admitting the «absolute truth» of Copernicanism. The Pope's opinion results from an argument he fully trusts, together with his belief that Galileo failed to fulfill a condition to which the publication of the Dialogue was subjected. That the trial does not end with a conviction for Urban's awful «formal heresy» but merely for «vehement suspicion of heresy», with the «heresy» consisting in the pseudo-heretical belief in a doctrine contrary to the Bible, all this is due to the existence of a Galileo-friendly party inside the Holy Office, led by Cardinal Francesco Barberini and powerful enough to wring a compromise from the Pope.
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The suspicion of heresy
Bringing a trial to an end
A piece of information and a denunciation proper
anything else occur on 25 February 1616?
Questions of terminology
Galileos first interrogation
The biased answers of the Consultants
Inchofers answer to the chief question
Hastening toward a nasty end
Oreggis deficient answer
the extrajudicial interview
An objection answered
A way of understanding the Final Report
One way of obtaining the indispensable licenses
Delays in getting to Rome
The puzzles of papal behavior
Getting ever closer to the explanation
Outcome and outlook
A protector taking action
Who unearthed the notarys brief?
Indisposition serious disease and possible cure
Looking for further charges and their contrary
abjuration able according accused actually admit already answer appear argument asked assertion become believe Bellarmine called Cardinal Chapter charge Church Commissary Commission concerning conclusion condemned Congregation considered contrary Copernican Copernicus course crime decision Decree defend Dialogue doctrine document earth example explain expression fact faith false Fantoli Father favor February Final Finocchiaro 1989 Francesco Barberini further Galileo give given hand hearing heresy heretical hold Holy Office Holy Scripture hypothesis important Index injunction intention June kind later least less letter looks March means mentioned motion moves namely opinion passage person Pope Pope's possible praeceptum present probably prohibited prove question quoted reason regard relation remains Rome seems sense sentence speaking Special statement suggest suspicion teach tells theory things tion torture translation treat trial true truth Urban writes written