Galileo's Inquisition Trial Revisited
This book shows that the known accounts of Galileo's trial leave many important facts unexplained or even clash with them. A most careful reading of the relevant documents and treatises backs an interpretation which has Pope Urban VIII sue Galileo for denying God's omnipotence or His omniscience by admitting the «absolute truth» of Copernicanism. The Pope's opinion results from an argument he fully trusts, together with his belief that Galileo failed to fulfill a condition to which the publication of the Dialogue was subjected. That the trial does not end with a conviction for Urban's awful «formal heresy» but merely for «vehement suspicion of heresy», with the «heresy» consisting in the pseudo-heretical belief in a doctrine contrary to the Bible, all this is due to the existence of a Galileo-friendly party inside the Holy Office, led by Cardinal Francesco Barberini and powerful enough to wring a compromise from the Pope.
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The suspicion of heresy
Bringing a trial to an end
A piece of information and a denunciation proper
anything else occur on 25 February 1616?
Questions of terminology
The quest for two motives
An oddity and its explanation
the extrajudicial interview
An objection answered
What may have been the ultimate intention of the document?
The ultimate stage of the investigation
One way of obtaining the indispensable licenses
Delays in getting to Rome
The puzzles of papal behavior
Outcome and outlook
Who unearthed the notarys brief?
Why is the ultimate cure really thought ineffectual?
Galileos first interrogation
25 February abjuration absolute truth accused asked assertion believe Bellarmine's Beretta Bible Caccini Cardinal Bellarmine Cardinal Francesco Barberini Chapter Christina of Lorraine Church Cioli Commissary condemned Congregation Copernican doctrine Copernican opinion Copernican system Copernican theory Copernicus Copernicus's crime decision declared Decree defend Dialogue document earth earth's motion Eymeric and Pegna fact faith Fantoli Farinacci 1618 Father favor February Final Sentence Finocchiaro 1989 Galileo Galileo affair Galileo Galilei Galileo's trial Garzend Gebler Guiducci heresy heretical hold Holy Office Holy Scripture hypothesis Inchofer Inchofer's Index injunction Inquisition Inquisitor Jesuits Letter to Castelli Lord Cardinal Lorini's Maculano Maffeo Barberini Masini means mentioned monitum Morpurgo-Tagliabue Niccolini Oreggi Pope Pope Urban VIII Pope's praeceptum precetto prohibited propositions question quoted quovis modo reason Redondi Riccardi Rome Sacred Palace Santillana 1976 speaking Special Commission suppositione suspicion of heresy teach tenere things tion torture translation Tribunal Urban VIII Urban's argument vehement writes