Merchants, Mamluks, and Murder: The Political Economy of Trade in Eighteenth-Century Basra

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SUNY Press, 2001 - Business & Economics - 180 pages
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Using the case of the murder of a Jewish merchant in 1791 as the backdrop to this study of Ottoman Basra s long-distance trade in the eighteenth century, Thabit A. J. Abdullah takes a novel comparative approach to Middle Eastern and Indian Ocean historiography. He examines three broad interrelated issues, all of which have a direct bearing on the case of the Jewish merchant. First, the overall nature of Basra s trade is examined; second, the book looks at the city s large wholesale merchants, the tujjar; and the third issue deals with the gradual development in Basra of the soft areas in Asian economies through which European articulation, followed by incorporation into the capitalist world economy, took place."
 

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Contents

AlBasrah AlFayha
9
HASAN PASHA AND THE MAMLUKS
11
LOCATION AND CLIMATE
13
THE CITY
20
THE PEOPLE
25
ADMINISTRATION AND POWER
29
The Shifting Fortunes of Trade
39
EXPORTS
40
THE RISKS OF TRADE
84
INVESTMENT AND WEALTH
86
CREDIT AND CONTRACTS
88
MERCHANT COMMUNITIES
91
THE JEWISH MERCHANTS
93
THE ARMENIAN MERCHANTS
95
THE CHALABIS OF BASRA
96
The Merchants and Power
99

CUSTOMS DUTIES
42
THE SHIPS AND THEIR SAILORS
43
BASRAS OVERALL TRADE PATTERNS
45
17241756
49
17661774
50
17751793
54
Networks of Trade
57
THE COFFEE TRADE AND THE ROLE OF THE OMANIS
63
THE REGIONAL TRADE WITH THE GULF
67
THE TRADE WITH SOUTHERN PERSIA
72
THE RIVERINE TRADE WITH BAGHDAD
74
THE CARAVAN TRADE WITH ALEPPO
77
The Merchants Tujjar and Trade
83
THE MAMLUKS AND TRADE
100
THE CHALABIS AND THE GOVERNMENT
103
THE CASES OF MUHAMMAD AGHA AND HAJJI YUSUF
104
THE JEWS AND THE MAMLUK ADMINISTRATION
108
THE ARMENIANS AND THE ENGLISH
109
THE CASE OF THE MURDERED JEW REVISITED
110
THE REBELLIONS OF SHAYKH THUWAYNI AND MUSTAFA AGHA
112
MANESTYS VICTORY AND THE BEGINNINGS OF BRITISH DOMINANCE
114
CONCLUSION
117
NOTES
121
BIBLIOGRAPHY
157
INDEX
171
Copyright

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About the author (2001)

Thabit A. J. Abdullah is Assistant Professor of History at York University. He is the editor of Arab and Islamic Studies in Honor of Marsden Jones.

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