A History of Modern Tibet, 1913-1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State

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University of California Press, 1989 - History - 898 pages
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"The 'Tibetan Question, ' the nature of Tibet's political status vis-a-vis China, has been the subject of often bitterly competing views while the facts of the issue have not been fully accessible to interested observers. While one faction has argued that Tibet was, in the main, historically independent until it was conquered by the Chinese Communists in 1951 and incorporated into the new Chinese state, the other faction views Tibet as a traditional part of China that split away at the instigation of the British after the fall of the Manchu Dynasty and was later dutifully reunited with "New China" in 1951. In contrast, this comprehensive study of modern Tibetan history presents a detailed, non-partisan account of the demise of the Lamaist state. Drawing on a wealth of British, American, and Indian diplomatic records; first- hand-historical accounts written by Tibetan participants; and extensive interviews with former Tibetan officials, monastic leaders, soldiers, and traders, Goldstein meticulously examines what happened and why. He balances the traditional focus on international relations with an innovative emphasis on the intricate web of internal affairs and events that produced the fall of Tibet. Scholars and students of Asian history will find this work an invaluable resource and interested readers will appreciate the clear explanation of highly polemicized, and often confusing, historical events."--Publisher's description.
 

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Contents

Tibetan Society 19131951
1
The Early Years of the 13th Dalai Lama
41
CONTENTS
58
Tibet and the New Republic in China
65
The Dalai Lama the Army and the Monastic Segment
89
The Death of the 13th Dalai Lama
139
Lungshars Reform Party
186
The British the Chinese and the Panchen Lama
252
Further Attempts at International Visibility
560
Tibet after the Fall of the Kuomintang
611
The Peoples Liberation Army Invades
638
After the Fall of Chamdo
698
The SeventeenPoint Agreement
737
The Dalai Lama Returns to Lhasa
773
The Demise of the Lamaist State
815
Postscript
825

Reting Takes Control Then Resigns
310
The Reting Years
364
THE ERA OF TAKTRA AND THE 14TH DALAI LAMA 19411951
367
19411943
369
Change and Confrontation in the Twilight of World War II
405
The Seeds of Rebellion
427
The Reting Conspiracy
464
The Victory Congratulations Mission 19451946
522
Appendix A AngloChinese Convention of 1906
827
Appendix B AngloRussian Convention of 1907
829
The Simla Agreements of 1914
832
Glossary of Tibetan Terms
843
Correct Tibetan Spellings
855
Index
883
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