From Natural Philosophy to the Sciences: Writing the History of Nineteenth-Century Science
University of Chicago Press, Sep 15, 2003 - Science - 456 pages
During the nineteenth century, much of the modern scientific enterprise took shape: scientific disciplines were formed, institutions and communities were founded, and unprecedented applications to and interactions with other aspects of society and culture occurred.
In this book, eleven leading historians of science assess what their field has taught us about this exciting time and identify issues that remain unexamined or require reconsideration. They treat both scientific disciplines—biology, physics, chemistry, the earth sciences, mathematics, and the social sciences—in their specific intellectual and sociocultural contexts as well as the broader topics of science and medicine; science and religion; scientific institutions and communities; and science, technology, and industry.
Providing a much-needed overview and analysis of a rapidly expanding field, From Natural Philosophy to the Sciences will be essential for historians of science, but also of great interest to scholars of all aspects of nineteenth-century life and culture.
Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent, Jed Z. Buchwald, David Cahan, Joseph Dauben, Frederick Gregory, Michael Hagner, Sungook Hong, David R. Oldroyd, Theodore M. Porter, Robert J. Richards, Ulrich Wengenroth
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academic American analysis approach argued became biography biology Britain British chemical chemistry chemists concept concerned conﬂict context Controversy cultural Darwin Darwin industry debate deﬁned deﬁnition diﬀerent disciplinary discipline early earth economic eﬀect eﬀorts eighteenth emergence ence engineering essay example experimental ﬁeld ﬁgures ﬁnd ﬁrst France French Geison geologists geology German historians historiography history of geology history of mathematics history of nineteenth-century history of science Ibid ideas important industry inﬂuence inﬂuential intellectual issues knowledge laboratory Laplacian Lyell mathematicians Maxwellians mechanics Merz modern natural philosophy natural theology nineteenth century nineteenth-century mathematics nineteenth-century science oﬀered origins petrology phrenology physicists physics physiology political practice professional recent reﬂected Revolution role Rudwick scholars science and religion scientiﬁc community scientiﬁc institutions scientiﬁc medicine scientists signiﬁcant Social Darwinism social science Society sociology speciﬁc structure technical theoretical thought tion tradition twentieth century understanding uniformitarianism universities