The Origins of the University: The Schools of Paris and Their Critics, 1100-1215
Stanford University Press, 1985 - 380 pages
The University of Paris is generally regarded as the first true university, the model for others not only in France but throughout Europe, including Oxford and Cambridge. This book challenges two prevailing myths about the university's origins: first, that the university naturally developed to meet the utilitarian and professional needs of European society in the late Middle Ages, and second, that it was the product of the struggle by scholars to gain freedom and autonomy from external authorities, most notably church officials. In the twelfth century, Paris was the educational center of Europe, with a large number of schools and masters attracting and competing for students. Over the decades, the schools of Paris had many critics--monastic reformers, humanists, satirists, and moralists--and the focus of this book is the role such critics played in developing the schools into a university. Ferruolo argues that it was the educational values and ideas promoted by the critics--ideas of the unity of knowledge, the need to share learning freely and willingly, and the higher purposes and social importance of education--that first inspired the scholars of Paris to join together to form a single guild. Their programs for educational reforms can be seen in the first set of statues promulgated for the nascent University of Paris in 1215.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
chapter two The School of St Victor
chapter three Monastic Opposition to the Schools
chapter four The Satirists
chapter five The Humanists
Preaching to Scholars
abbot Abelard able According active actual Adam advance apparently attitudes authority become Bernard bishop called canons career chancellor Chartres Church Cistercian clergy clerics cloister completely concerned continued criticisms dialectic discussed doctrine especially established example explains faith follow gain Gerald give Hugh human idea ideal important influence Jacques John John of Salisbury knowledge later learning lectures less letters liberal arts lives logical masters means methods monastic monks moral moralists nature never offered origins Oxford papacy Paris BN lat Peter philosophers Poitiers position practical preachers preaching probably questions reason reform remained Robert satire says scholars schools Scripture secular seems sermons serve society Stephen subjects suggest taught teacher teaching theology things tion twelfth century understanding Victor Vitry Walter wisdom writings young