The Origins of the University: The Schools of Paris and Their Critics, 1100-1215

Front Cover
Stanford University Press, 1985 - 380 pages
The University of Paris is generally regarded as the first true university, the model for others not only in France but throughout Europe, including Oxford and Cambridge. This book challenges two prevailing myths about the university's origins: first, that the university naturally developed to meet the utilitarian and professional needs of European society in the late Middle Ages, and second, that it was the product of the struggle by scholars to gain freedom and autonomy from external authorities, most notably church officials. In the twelfth century, Paris was the educational center of Europe, with a large number of schools and masters attracting and competing for students. Over the decades, the schools of Paris had many critics--monastic reformers, humanists, satirists, and moralists--and the focus of this book is the role such critics played in developing the schools into a university. Ferruolo argues that it was the educational values and ideas promoted by the critics--ideas of the unity of knowledge, the need to share learning freely and willingly, and the higher purposes and social importance of education--that first inspired the scholars of Paris to join together to form a single guild. Their programs for educational reforms can be seen in the first set of statues promulgated for the nascent University of Paris in 1215.
 

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Contents

chapter ONE Paris and the Expansion of Education 11
ii
chapter two The School of St Victor
27
chapter three Monastic Opposition to the Schools
47
chapter four The Satirists
93
chapter five The Humanists
131
Preaching to Scholars
184
Promoting Reform
222
conclusion The Formation of the University of Paris
279
Notes
319
Manuscripts Cited
371
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