Exploring New Directions: Title 1 in the Year 2000
This report takes stock of the present Title I program, identifies the most promising approaches to educating the nation's disadvantaged children, and offers guidance to policymakers seeking to improve Title I's effectiveness. The report draws upon hundreds of studies, evaluations, and other documents, and details the evolution of the Title I program over the past 35 years, placing its successes and failures in historical perspective. This report provides a renewed vision for the future of Title I, offering a set of concrete recommendations to guide lawmakers as they begin work upon the program's reauthorization. The report also raises a series of questions to encourage responsible dialog at the local level aimed at improving program effectiveness. An important function of local school boards is to focus attention on student achievement and to address the educational needs of disadvantaged children. Following the introduction, the report is divided into two parts. Part I provides a historical overview of Title I, assesses the program's overall impact on raising achievement of America's disadvantaged children and, then, seeks to determine those aspects of the program that would likely beenefit from modification. On the basis of this discussion, Part II presents NSBA's recommendations for amending the current program and raises several key questions that can serve as a basis for dialogue in communities across America. Contains approximately 180 references. (DFR)
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academic achievement accountability systems American approach areas assessment systems Association Brookings Institution Chapter class-size reduction comprehensive school reform computers Consortium for Policy Council of Chief curriculum Department of Education disadvantaged children disadvantaged students early Educational Research educational technology Educational Testing Service elementary and secondary emphasize evaluation evidence federal focus focused goals grades high-poverty schools high-quality impact improve student incentives increased individual schools initiatives Johns Hopkins University Karweit Knapp low-achieving students math NAEP National Assessment NSBA parental involvement participating percent Policy Research policymakers poverty preschool professional development public schools pull-out Puma recent school districts school-based schoolwide programs skills Slavin smaller classes standards standards of learning standards-based reform strategies Stringfield student learning student performance success systemic reform targeted teacher quality teachers and classrooms teaching test scores Title I funds Title I program Title I schools Title I students U.S. Department University of Pennsylvania Washington