The African Colonial State in Comparative Perspective
In this comprehensive and original study, a distinguished scholar of African affairs argues that the crisis in African development can be traced directly to European colonial rule, which left the continent with a "singularly difficult legacy." Crawford Young proposes a new conception of the state, weighing the characteristics of European empires of the past (including those of Holland, Portugal, England, and Venice) and distilling their common qualities. He then presents a concise and wide-ranging history of colonization in Africa, from construction through consolidation and decolonization. Young argues that several qualities combined to make the European colonial experience in Africa distinctive. The high number of nations competing for power on the continent and the necessity to achieve effective occupation swiftly yet make the colonies self-financing drove colonial powers toward policies of "ruthless extractive action." The persistent, virulent racism that distanced rulers from subjects was especially central to African colonial history. Young concludes by comparing the fates of former African colonies with those of their once-colonized counterparts elsewhere. In tracing both the overarching similarities and variations in African colonial states, he makes a strong case that colonialism has played a critical role in shaping the fate of a troubled continent.
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On the State
The Nature and Genesis of the Colonial State
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The Colonial State Institutionalized
Toward African Independence
The Ambiguous Challenge of Civil Society
The Imperial Legacy and State Traditions
African colonial agents Algeria America Angola apparatus autonomy became Belgian Congo Britain British Bula Matari Cambridge capital central century civil society colo colonial administration colonial rule communities Congo Free conquest construction crown cultural decolonization discourse doctrine domination early East economic elite emerged Empire ethnic European expansion fiscal force France French Colonial head tax hegemony History ideology imperial incorporation independence Indian Indies indigenat indigenous institutions interwar Islam Kenya labor land legitimation London Maghreb major ment mercantile metropolitan military mission modern Morocco nationalism nationalist native nial Niger Nigeria occupation Office organization overseas Paris partition percent period phase plantation political population Portuguese postcolonial Princeton reconquista regime revenue role royal ruler Senegal settler Sierra Leone slave social sovereignty Spain Spanish structures subjugation Sudan territories theory tion tional trade Tunisia Uganda University Press West Africa World York Zaire zones