The Material Basis of Evolution
In his autobiography, published posthumously in 1960, Richard Goldschmidt wrote: "I am confident that in twenty years my [work], which is now ignored, will be given an honorable place in the history of evolutionary thought." The publication of this edition, now reissued with a new introduction by Stephen Jay Gould, proves Goldschmidt's prediction to be correct.
Goldschmidt, one of the world's great geneticists, delivered the prestigious Silliman lectures at Yale University in 1939 and published his remarks in 1940 as The Material Basis of Evolution. His intent was to inquire into the types of hereditary differences that produce new species. Goldschmidt used a wide range of research to formulate his own picture of evolution. Contrary to most scientists, he insisted that the neo-Darwinist theory of micromutations was no longer tenable as a general theory of evolution. Instead, Goldschmidt claimed, macroevolution accounted for the larger steps in evolution.
Although Goldschmidt's views were reviled by scientists of his day, some of his basic ideas are now gaining acceptance. As Gould writes in his introduction: "I do...believe that its general vision is uncannily correct (or at least highly fruitful at the moment) in several important areas where conventional Darwinian theory has become both hidebound and unproductive."
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action actually adaptation analysis animals antennae basis characters chitin chromosomal pattern chromosomes cline color completely conception conclusions controlled crosses Darwinian definite determination developmental diapause differentiation Diptera discs discussion Dobzhansky Drosophila ecotypes effect embryology embryonic evolution evolutionary example exist experimental extreme facts female ferent forms gene mutations genetic genetic change geneticists geographic races geographic variation Goldschmidt growth hereditary Hokkaido hopeful monster hormones hybrids incipient species individual intersexuality involved isolation Japan Lake Biwa Lamarckian larval Lepidoptera Lymantria macroevolution macroevolutionary male material melanic Mendelian mentioned morphological moth mutations neo-Darwinian neoteny norm of reaction normal occur organs parallel phenocopies phenotypic physiological plants polyploidy population preadaptation problem processes produced pupa pupation rassenkreis reaction system relation Rensch result segmentation selection sexual single steps studied subspecies systemic mutation taxonomic taxonomists temperature theory tion traits typical whole wing rudimentation
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