Measure of the Earth: The Enlightenment Expedition That Reshaped Our World

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Basic Books, May 31, 2011 - History - 376 pages
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In the early eighteenth century, at the peak of the Enlightenment, an unlikely team of European scientists and naval officers set out on the world’s first international, cooperative scientific expedition. Intent on making precise astronomical measurements at the Equator, they were poised to resolve one of mankind’s oldest mysteries: the true shape of the Earth.
 In Measure of the Earth, award-winning science writer Larrie D. Ferreiro tells the full story of the Geodesic Mission to the Equator for the very first time. It was an age when Europe was torn between two competing conceptions of the world: the followers of René Descartes argued that the Earth was elongated at the poles, even as Isaac Newton contended that it was flattened. A nation that could accurately determine the planet’s shape could securely navigate its oceans, giving it great military and imperial advantages. Recognizing this, France and Spain organized a joint expedition to colonial Peru, Spain’s wealthiest kingdom. Armed with the most advanced surveying and astronomical equipment, they would measure a degree of latitude at the Equator, which when compared with other measurements would reveal the shape of the world. But what seemed to be a straightforward scientific exercise was almost immediately marred by a series of unforeseen catastrophes, as the voyagers found their mission threatened by treacherous terrain, a deeply suspicious populace, and their own hubris.

A thrilling tale of adventure, political history, and scientific discovery, Measure of the Earth recounts the greatest scientific expedition of the Enlightenment through the eyes of the men who completed it—pioneers who overcame tremendous adversity to traverse the towering Andes Mountains in order to discern the Earth’s shape.  In the process they also opened the eyes of Europe to the richness of South America and paved the way for scientific cooperation on a global scale.

 

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LibraryThing Review

User Review  - SalemAthenaeum - LibraryThing

A thrilling tale of adventure, political history, and scientific discovery, Measure of the Earth recounts the greatest scientific expedition of the Enlightenment through the eyes of the men who ... Read full review

MEASURE OF THE EARTH: The Enlightenment Expedition that Reshaped the World

User Review  - Jane Doe - Kirkus

A sophisticated work tracing the arduous mid-18th-century international expedition to the Latin American equator to determine the "figure of the earth."The reigning scientific debate of the ... Read full review

Contents

1 The Problem of the Earths Shape
1
2 Preparations for the Mission
31
3 Finding Quito
61
4 Degree of Difficulty
91
5 City of Kings
117
6 The Triangles of Peru
129
7 Death and the Surgeon
163
8 The War of Jenkinss Ear
179
11 A World Revealed
247
Epilogue
273
AFTERWORD
289
A NOTE ON LANGUAGE
293
UNITS OF MEASURE AND CURRENCY
295
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
297
NOTES
299
INDEX
339

9 The Dance of the Stars
197
10 The Impossible Return
223

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About the author (2011)

Larrie D. Ferreiro is the author and editor of several books on the history of science and technology, including Ships and Science, which received the North American Society for Oceanic History's John Lyman Award for Best Book in Science and Technology. He lives in Fairfax, Virginia.

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