Nurturing the Nation: The Family Politics of Modernizing, Colonizing, and Liberating Egypt, 1805-1923
Focusing on gender and the family, this erudite and innovative history reconsiders the origins of Egyptian nationalism and the revolution of 1919 by linking social changes in class and household structure to the politics of engagement with British colonial rule. Lisa Pollard deftly argues that the Egyptian state's modernizing projects in the nineteenth century reinforced ideals of monogamy and bourgeois domesticity among Egypt's elite classes and connected those ideals with political and economic success. At the same time, the British used domestic and personal practices such as polygamy, the harem, and the veiling of women to claim that the ruling classes had become corrupt and therefore to legitimize an open-ended tenure for themselves in Egypt. To rid themselves of British rule, bourgeois Egyptian nationalists constructed a familial-political culture that trained new generations of nationalists and used them to demonstrate to the British that it was time for the occupation to end. That culture was put to use in the 1919 Egyptian revolution, in which the reformed, bourgeois family was exhibited as the standard for "modern" Egypt.
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1919 Revolution activities administration al-Ahram al-Hilal al-Tahtawi Alexandria Ali Mubarak Amin Amin's appeared Arabic Arabophone became behavior body politic British Bulaq Cairo caricature central claimed colonial created Cromer debates demonstrations depicted discussions domestic realm domicile Dufferin effendi effendiyya Egyptian nation Egyptian politics Egyptian women elite Europe European example foreign French geography girls Granville habits and customs harem hijab History of Egypt home economics household Ibid images included independence institutions Islam Isma'il Isma'il Pasha journal khedive Leila Ahmed London Lutfi al-Sayyid Mamluk Matba'at Milner minister mission missionary Modern Egypt Mohammad Ali's monogamy morals mother motherhood nation-state nationalist nineteenth century orphanage Ottoman Paris Pasha political realm produced protectorate Qasim Amin reform relationship revolutionary role rule rulers Sa'ad Zaghlul schools sciences shape society tadbir tarbiyya Tarikh Tawfiq texts tion transformed translated travel literature University Press upper classes Urabi veil Wafd woman