Democracy across Borders
Today democracy is both exalted as the "best means to realize human rights" and seen as weakened because of globalization and delegation of authority beyond the nation-state. In this provocative book, James Bohman argues that democracies face a period of renewal and transformation and that democracy itself needs redefinition according to a new transnational ideal. Democracy, he writes, should be rethought in the plural; it should no longer be understood as rule by the people (dÍmos), singular, with a specific territorial identification and connotation, but as rule by peoples (dÍmoi), across national boundaries. Bohman shows that this new conception of transnational democracy requires reexamination of such fundamental ideas as the people, the public, citizenship, human rights, and federalism, and he argues that it offers a feasible approach to realizing democracy in a globalized world.In his account, Bohman establishes the conceptual foundations of transnational democracy by examining in detail current theories of democracy beyond the nation-state (including those proposed by Rawls, Habermas, Held, and Dryzek) and offers a deliberative alternative. He considers the importance of communicative freedom in the transnational public sphere (including networked communication over the Internet), human rights as the normative basis of transnational democracy, and the European Union as a transnational polity. Finally, he examines the relationship between peace and democracy, concluding that peace requires democratization on interacting state and suprastate levels.
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argue argument basic capacity Chapter citizens citizenship civil society claims common liberty communicative freedom conception contestation cosmopolitan cosmopolitan democracy create criticism decentered decisions deﬁcit deﬁned deliberative democracy deliberative legitimacy demo democ democratic minimum democratic reform dÍmoi dÍmos develop differentiated difﬁculty directly deliberative dispersed emergence empowered EU’s European Union exercise federalism ﬁrst Foundations of Transnational framework fulﬁll fundamental Gitxsan global Habermas human political community human rights ical ideal indeﬁnite inﬂuence initiate deliberation institutionalized interaction JŁrgen Habermas juridiﬁcation justice legal domination legitimate levels membership minipublic nation-state necessary nondomination normative powers normative status obligations ocratic organizations participation perspective Pettit plural political authority political rights polyarchy popular legitimacy potential problem promote public sphere racy realized reﬂect reﬂexive Reforming the Transnational republican requires role self-legislation signiﬁcance social sovereignty speciﬁc sufﬁcient theory tion tional tive Transforming the Public transnational democracy Transnational Polity transnational public various
Page ii - Axel Honneth, The Critique of Power: Reflective Stages in a Critical Social Theory Axel Honneth, The Struggle for Recognition: The Moral Grammar of Social Conflicts...