Saṅgītaśiromaṇi: A Medieval Handbook of Indian Music
Emmie Te Nijenhuis
BRILL, 1992 - Music - 620 pages
The Sa g ta iroman i, Crest-jewel of Music", is a major Sanskrit work on Indian musicology, composed in 1428 A.D. by scholars from all parts of India who participated in a musicological congress organized by Sultan Malika S hi at Kad a (near Allahabad). Designed as a standard text-book on music the work summarizes and explains the opinions of older and contemporary authors. It deals with all the aspects of traditional Indian musicology, such as tone-system, scale, melody, rhythm, composition, variation and vocal technique. The complete English translation and the extensive introduction will familiarize the reader with the characteristic Indian concepts of music and the problems of their interpretation.For full information on the author's current projects in the field of Indian music, see www.sarasvatibhavan.com "
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Text and translation
Synopsis padārthasangraha I Intonation Śruti II Notes svara
Tonesystem grama IV Scales mürchana
Tonal patterns tāna
Overlapping sādhārana VII Melodic line varna and musical figure alamkāra VIII Mode jāti
Style of singing giti X Classification of rāga
Characteristics of the rāga
abhoga alamkāra alapa atra bhāsā bhavet called ceti Compare SSR composition dhā dhā dha ni dha dha pa dhaivata dhani dhruva drum syllables druta elä embellishments experts four gamaka gandhāra giyate guru heptatonic hexatonic higher octave Indian music initial note invocatory syllables jāti kaisiki kala Kallinătha karuna kramāt KuSR laghu lower limit lower octave madhyama madhyamagrama mantha matā matah melodic line mentioned mode morae murchanã musical metre Nātyaśāstra ni dha nidha nisada note and final pā dhā pā pā pama pañcama performed phrase pluta poetical metre prabandha pratimantha rāga regular words ri ri ri riga rsabha sadja sadjagrama saindhavi samkhyā Sangitaširomani sani Sanskrit sapta secondary final notes sections sentiment singing song springs Śruti sthāya style sung svara syād syāt syuh syur tala tāna tatah tathâ tempo tone syllables tone-system traditionally ucyate udgräha varieties vibhāsā vibrato virama yatra