Neck and Back Pain: The Scientific Evidence of Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Written by world-renowned spine physicians, this volume presents a global view of what is known about neck and back pain. This evidence-based book emphasizes cost-effective diagnosis and treatment. Twenty-one chapters cover topics that range from epidemiology, psychological factors, and work-related influences to surgical and nonsurgical treatments, a review of social security systems, and recommendations.
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A Review of Social Influences on Neck and Back Pain and Disability
Psychological Risk Factors for Neck and Back Pain
Influences of Individual Factors and Smoking on Neck and Low Back Pain
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acute low back analysis assessment associated back injuries back school cervical chronic low back chronic pain chymopapain Clin clinical trial compared compensation control group controlled trials cost-effectiveness costs diagnostic disc herniation discectomy disease early retirement effect efficacy evidence level findings follow-up fusion guidelines identified included increased interventions intervertebral disc invalidity benefits investigators Koes BW low back pain lumbar disc lumbar spine manual therapy methodologic muscle musculoskeletal Nachemson neck and back nerve root Netherlands nociceptors occupational Orthop pain and disability pain behavior patients with chronic physical therapy placebo population predictive predictors prevalence primary problems prospective study psychologic psychosocial factors radiculopathy randomized controlled trials rehabilitation reported risk factors sciatica sickness absence sickness benefits significant social security spinal stenosis spondylolisthesis statistics surgery surgical Sweden Swedish symptoms syndrome systematic review Table Ther treatment unemployment United Kingdom whiplash workers zygapophysial joint