Throughout history, human societies have struggled to ensure that all people have access to sufficient food to lead active and healthy lives. Despite great global effort, events of the early 21st century clearly demonstrate that food remains a pressing challenge which has significant implications for security. Rising food prices have motivated unrest in many parts of the world and increased the number of people who do not receive proper nutrition. National and international food safety incidents have raised awareness of the ability of the food supply to transfer health threats to people and animals. Agricultural and food production activities are key drivers of environmental and climate change while also likely to face significant impacts from these changes in coming decades.
In this book, Bryan McDonald explores how processes of globalization and global change have reshaped food systems in ways that have significant impacts for the national security of states and the human of communities and individuals. Over the past few decades, local, regional, and national food systems have increasingly become intertwined in an emerging global food network. This complex web of relations includes the production, harvest, processing, transport, and consumption of food. While this global food network provides new opportunities for improving health and well-being, it also gives rise to new sources of security threats and vulnerabilities.
This detailed and comprehensive introduction to the major issues impacting global food security will be essential reading for students and scholars in security studies, international politics, and environmental studies.
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Twentyfirst Century Challenges to Food Security
1 Food Security and the Global Food System
Shifts in World Food Systems
3 Global Trends Impacting Food Security
The Challenge of Malnutrition in an Era of Global Change
The Environmental Impacts of Agriculture and Food Production
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agricultural production agriculture and food areas biodiversity biological weapons cause chapter complex concerns consumers consumption contamination crops decades developing countries diets discussions economic ecosystems emissions enhance ensuring food security environment environmental impacts factors food and agricultural food network food production food safety food security food supplies foodborne illness genetic modification global change global environmental change global food network global food system global health goal health threats Homer-Dixon human health human security impacts of climate impacts of food important improve increasing increasingly infectious diseases insecurity interactions involved IPCC land levels livelihoods livestock major malnutrition Matthew million national security natural nutrient nutrition obesity Organization percent policies political processes of global programs reduce significant impacts Smil social soil sources species strategies sustainable agriculture threat and vulnerability tion trends twenty-first century UNDP UNEP United Nations urban urban agricultural WCED World Bank world food