In Search of Empire: The French in the Americas, 1670-1730

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Cambridge University Press, Jan 22, 2004 - History - 484 pages
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Elusive Empire is the first full account of how during 1670 and 1730 French settlers came to the Americas. It examines how they and thousands of African slaves together with Amerindians constructed settlements and produced and traded commodities for export. Bringing together much new evidence, the author explores how the newly constructed societies and new economies, without precedent in France, interacted with the growing international violence in the Atlantic world in order to present a fresh perspective of the multifarious French colonizing experience in the Americas.
 

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Contents

Colonial Populations
3
12 Aboriginal populations
4
13 African Immigrants
11
14 European Immigrants
16
15 Size and Structures
28
16 New France
31
17 The French CircumCaribbean
43
18 Conclusion
70
57 Conclusion
260
Colonies Defended
265
The FrancoDutch War 16721678
267
62 Opening Hostilities
269
63 Colonial Initiatives
275
64 Metropolitan Responses
283
65 Naval Assaults
288
66 Conclusion
295

Settlements and Societies
72
22 Material Conditions
74
23 Landholding
78
24 Social Groups
88
25 Institutions of Social Life
106
26 Conclusion
121
Production
123
32 Tobacco
130
33 Fish
139
34 Fur
150
35 Sugar
162
36 Conclusion
187
Trade and Exchange
189
42 Ineffectual Policies Legislative Futility
190
43 Commercial Trade
193
44 Shipping
208
45 The Slave Trade
215
46 Money Capital and Credit
224
47 Conclusion
228
Government and Politics
230
52 Absolutism
231
53 Colbert and His Successors
234
54 Colonial Government
241
55 Colonial Justice
249
56 Colonial Resistance
254
The Nine Years War in America 16881697
301
72 The Windward Islands
303
73 Saint Domingue
313
74 Spanish America
320
75 New France
333
76 Acadia Newfoundland and Hudson Bay
341
77 Conclusion
355
The War of the Spanish Succession in America 17021713
358
82 The Trade and Treasure of Spanish America
362
83 Trade and War in the CircumCaribbean
374
84 La Course Royale Reappears in the Americas
384
85 Northern Colonies Abandoned
391
86 Conclusion
400
Elusive Empire
402
92 Rivals for a Continent
403
93 FrancoSpanish Hostilities
408
94 Piracys Resurgence
410
95 Colonies in Search of a Navy
417
96 Elusive Empire
420
Appendixes
423
2 Slave Populations of the French West Indies 16701730
428
3 Provisional List of Colonial Administrators 16701730
432
Bibliography
441
Index
473
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Page 446 - MÉMOIRES des Commissaires du Roi et de ceux de Sa Majesté Britannique sur les possessions et les droits respectifs des deux Couronnes en Amérique ; Avec les Actes publics et Pièces justificatives.

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About the author (2004)

James Pritchard is Professor Emeritus in the Department of History at Queen's University. He is the author of Louis XV's Navy, 1748-1762 (1987), and Anatomy of a Naval Disaster (1995), which was awarded the Keith Matthews Prize by the Canadian Nautical Research Society and received a John Lyman Book Award from the North American Society for Oceanic History.

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