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abundance afforded Akaitcho animals Annance appearance Arctic arrived Artillery Lake Athabasca Back's baggage banks barren grounds birds boat cache canoe Captain Back Captain Ross Chipewyan commenced company's course crew Cumberland House danger deer departure dians distance embarked encamped escape Esquimaux expedition extremely fall favourable feet Fish River fishery following morning formed four frequently Hudson's Bay hundred hunter Indians Iroquois islands land Louison M'Kenzie M'Leod Majesty's government meat miles Montreal moose mountains musk-ox musquitoes narrow natives Norman Morrison Norway House notwithstanding obtained party passed pemmican pines portage pounds provision purpose rapid reached received Red River settlement rein-deer rendered rocks route sand-hills season seen shore Sir John situated skins Slave Lake Slave River snow snowy owl soon spot stones stream supply tain tent tion trees voyage voyageurs weather weight wind Winnipic winter wood York Factory
Page 195 - It does not leap, but steps without effort over a fallen tree, a gate, or a split fence. During its progress it holds the nose up, so as to lay the horns horizontally back.
Page 41 - Lake Winipic is the great reservoir of several large rivers, and discharges itself by the River Nelson into Hudson's Bay,, The first in rotation, next to that I have just described, is the Assiniboin, or Red River, which, at the distance of forty miles coastwise, disembogues on the south-west side of the Lake Winipic.
Page 153 - The undressed hide, after the hair, is taken off, is cut into thongs of various thickness, which are twisted into deer-snares, bow-strings, net-lines, and in fact supply all the purposes of rope. The finer thongs are used in the manufacture of fishing-nets, or in making snow-shoes ; while the tendons of the dorsal muscles are split into fine and excellent sewing thread.
Page 150 - They are so drilled into holes by the larvas of the gad-fly that eight or ten skins are required to make a suit of clothing for a grown person. But the skins are so impervious to cold that, with the addition of a blanket of the same material, any person may bivouac in the snow with safety, and even with comfort, in the most intense cold of an arctic winter's night.
Page 308 - His thoughts were, perhaps, far distant from the surrounding scenery, when he was roused by an indistinct noise behind him, and on looking round, perceived that nine white wolves had ranged themselves in form of a crescent, and were advancing, apparently with the intention of driving him into the river. On his rising up they halted, and when he advanced they made way for his passage down to the tents.
Page 236 - Clangula (Harelda f) glacialis, halting both on the shores of Hudson's Bay and on the lakes of the interior, as long as they remain open, and then feed on tender shelly mollusca. Oidemia nigra, he adds, frequents the shores of Hudson's Bay, and breeds between the 50th and 60th parallels. It was not seen by Dr. Richardson and his companions in the interior.
Page 258 - If the hunters keep themselves concealed when they fire upon a herd of musk-oxen, the poor animals mistake the noise for thunder, and, forming themselves into a group, crowd nearer and nearer together as their companions fall around them ; but should they discover their enemies by sight, or by their sense of smell, which is very acute, the whole herd seek for safety by instant flight. The bulls however are very irascible, and, particularly when wounded, will often attack the hunter, and endanger...
Page 156 - Continued along the open part of the lake, river, or plain, which from its openness, makes them the more distinctly observed. The brushwood rows are generally placed at the distance of fifteen or twenty yards from each other, and ranged in such a manner as to form two sides of a long, acute angle, becoming gradually wider in proportion to the distance they extend from the pound, which sometimes is not less than two or three miles ; while the deer's path is exactly along the middle, between the two...
Page 86 - Within a mile of the termination of the portage, a most extensive and magnificent scene burst upon our view, and we discovered ourselves, through an opening in the trees, to be on a hill upwards of a thousand feet high, and at the brink of a tremendous precipice. We were certainly prepared to expect an extensive prospect, but the beautiful landscape before us was far superior to anything that could be anticipated from the nature of the country we had hitherto seen. At a depth of two hundred fathoms...
Page 150 - The closeness of the hair of the caribou, and the lightness of its skin when properly dressed, renders it the most appropriate article for winter clothing in the high latitudes. The skins of the young deer make the best dresses, and they should be killed for that purpose in the months of August or September, as after the latter date the hair becomes too long and brittle.