Development of the Cetacean Nasal Skull

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 29, 1999 - Science - 144 pages
Morphogeny of the nasal skull was investigated in 92 embryos of 13 species of Cetacea. Compared to the original nasal capsule of land mammals, the nasal structures of Cetacea show many weighty transformations. As a result, the nostrils are translocated from the tip of the snout to the vertex of the head. Several structures of the embryonic nasal skull remain preserved even in adult cetaceans. The translocation of the nostrils to the highest point of the surfacing body is among the most perfect adaptations of cetaceans to the aquatic life habits. The morphogeny of the nasal skull suggests that all cetaceans are of common origin and form a single monophyletic order. The hitherto usual division of this order into two suborders, Mysticeti and Odontoceti, appears to be unsubstantiated. Rather, at least three closely related superfamilies should be distinguished within the order Cetacea, viz., Balaenopteroidea, Physeteroidea, and Delphinoidea. The results are in a
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Synopsis of Structures of the Embryonic Nasal Skull
9
Metamorphosis and Translocation
45
Comparison of the Embryonic Nasal Structures
59
The Nasal Structures of Adult Cetacea
99
Evolutional and Functional Relationships
115
The Systematics of Cetacea According
125
Summary
131
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