## A new kind of science"This book promises to revolutionize science as we know it" - Daily Telegraph "Stephen's magnum opus may be the book of the decade if not the century" - Arthur C Clarke Long-awaited work from one of the world's most respected scientists presents a series of dramatic discoveries never before made public. Starting with a collection of computer experiments, Wolfram shows how their unexpected results force a whole new way of looking at the universe. A seminal work of enormous importance. Includes over 950 illustrations. BBC documentary in development. |

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Wolfram doesn't like criticism and his work definitely invites it but the ideas he presents about how complexity can arise from simplicity are very compelling.

### Contents

The Foundations for a New Kind of Science | 1 |

The Crucial Experiment | 23 |

The World of Simple Programs | 51 |

Copyright | |

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actually axiom system basic black cells blocks causal network cellular automata cellular automaton rule chapter complex behavior complicated Computational Equivalence computational irreducibility connections constraints continued fraction correspond cyclic tag system definite digit sequences discrete discussed effect elements emulate equations essentially evolution example facing page show fact functions fundamental given happens idea inevitably initial conditions integers involve kind of science least linear congruential localized structures looks Mathematica mechanism mobile automaton models multiway system neighbors nested patterns nodes number of steps obtained occur particles particular perception and analysis phenomena phenomenon physics pictures below show Principle of Computational random initial conditions register machine regular repetition period rule 30 seems simple programs simple rules somehow sophisticated space specific square starting substitution systems tend theorems theory total number totalistic traditional mathematical Turing machine turns two-dimensional typically ultimately underlying rules universal values yield