No Ivory Tower: McCarthyism and the Universities
The story of McCarthyism's traumatic impact on government employees and Hollywood screenwriters during the 1950s is all too familiar, but what happened on college and university campuses during this period is barely known.No Ivory Towerrecounts the previously untold story of how the anti-Communist furor affected the nation's college teachers, administrators, trustees, and students. As Ellen Schrecker shows, the hundreds of professors who were called before HUAC and otehr committees confronted the same dilemma most other witnesses had faced. They had to decide whether to cooperate with the committees and "name names" or to refuse such cooperation and risk losing their jobs. Drawing on heretofore untouched archives and dozens of eprsonal interviews, Schrecker re-creates the climate of fear that pervaded American campuses and made the nation's educational leaders worry about Communist subversion as well as about the damage that unfriendly witnesses might do to the reputations of their institutions. Noting that faculty members who failed to cooperate with congressional committees were usually fired even if they had tenure, Schrecker shows that these firings took place everywhere--at Ivy League universities, large state schools and small private colleges. The presence of an unofficial but effective blacklist, she reveals, meant that most of these unfrocked professors were unable to find regular college teaching jobs in the U.S. until the 1960s, after the McCarthyist furor had begun to subside.No Ivory Toweroffers new perspectives on McCarthyism as a political movement and helps to explain how that movement, which many people even then saw as a betrayal of this nation's most cherished ideals, gained so much power.
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McCarthyism The Anatomy of an Inquisition 3
The Political Repression
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83rd Cong AAUP AAUP Archives AAUP's academic community academic freedom ACLU administration American anti-Communist April Berkeley blacklist Board of Trustees Brooklyn College California campus Cazden chairman Chandler Davis colleagues Columbia committee's Communist Party Communist teachers congressional cooperate Cornell dean dismissal faculty committee faculty members Fifth Amendment Finley fired former Frank Oppenheimer Fuchs Furry Grayson Kirk Gundlach Harvard hearings Hiskey Hodes HUAC HUAC's institution interview investigation issue June Kamen Lee Lorch left-wing Leon Kamin Leon Wofsy Lomanitz Loyalty Manhattan Project March Markert McCarthy McCarthyism membership ment Michigan mittee Morrison munist Nickerson oath Oppenheimer organization Philip Morrison political activities president private papers problems professors questions radical Ralph Himstead Rapp-Coudert refused Regents Robert Robert Gorham Davis schools scientists SISS Stanley Moore statement subversive teaching tenure testimony Tillett Files tion Un-American University Archives University's witnesses York Zimring