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administration adopted agitation amendment American annual message anti-slavery attack attempt authority bill character Charleston citizens civil command commissioners committee Confederacy Congress Constitution Convention cotton Covode Covode Committee Crittenden Crittenden Compromise danger December declared delegates Democratic party despatch Douglas duty election execution existing favor Federal Government force forts Fugitive Slave Fugitive Slave Law garrison Governor Pickens harbor Holt hostile House January Kansas Lecompton Constitution legislative letter Major Anderson March ment Messrs Mexico military minority report Missouri Compromise Monroe Monroe doctrine Moultrie National National Intelligencer never North opinion Paraguay passed peace portion present President Buchanan President Lincoln proceedings purpose question rebellion reenforcements refused render Republic Republican party resistance resolution says Scott seceded secession Senate session slaveholding slavery South Carolina Southern Sumter Supreme Court Territorial Legislature tion treaty troops Union United violation Virginia vote Washington whilst Wilmot Proviso York
Page 281 - It is impossible that the allied powers should extend their political system to any portion of either continent without endangering our peace and happiness...
Page 19 - Provided, That as an express and fundamental condition to, the acquisition of any territory from the Republic of Mexico by the United States, by virtue of any treaty which may be negotiated between them, and to the use by the Executive of the moneys herein appropriated, neither Slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of said territory, except for crime, whereof the party shall first be duly convicted.
Page 278 - The question presented by the letters you have sent me is the most momentous which has ever been offered to my contemplation since that of independence. That made us a nation; this sets our compass and points the course which we are to steer through the ocean of time opening on- us; and never could we embark on it under circumstances more auspicious.
Page 58 - Shall I tell you what this collision means? They who think that it is accidental, unnecessary, the work of interested or fanatical agitators, and, therefore, ephemeral, mistake the case altogether. It is an irrepressible conflict between opposing and enduring forces, and it means that the United States must and will, sooner or later, become either entirely a slave-holding nation, or entirely a free-labor nation.
Page 283 - Our first and fundamental maxim should be, never to entangle ourselves in the broils of Europe. Our second, never to suffer Europe to intermeddle with cis-Atlantic affairs. America, North and South, has a set of interests distinct from those of Europe, and peculiarly her own. She should therefore have a system of her own, separate and apart from that of Europe. While the last is laboring to become the domicile of despotism, our endeavor should surely be, to make our hemisphere that of freedom.
Page 280 - In the discussions to which this interest has given rise, and in the arrangements by which they may terminate, the occasion has been judged proper for asserting as a principle in which the rights, and interests of the United States are involved, that the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.
Page 279 - Great Britain is the nation which can do us the most harm of any one, or all on earth, and with her on our side we need not fear the whole world. With her, then, we should most sedulously cherish a cordial friendship...
Page 253 - All the powers of government, legislative, executive and judiciary, result to the legislative body. The concentrating these in the same hands is precisely the definition of despotic government. It will be no alleviation that these powers will be exercised by a plurality of hands, and not by a single one. One hundred and seventy-three despots would surely be as oppressive as one.
Page 253 - ... in a representative republic, where the executive magistracy is carefully limited, both in the extent and the duration of its power, and where the legislative power is exercised by an assembly which is inspired (by a supposed influence over the people) with an intrepid confidence in its own strength; which is sufficiently numerous to feel all the passions which actuate a multitude, yet not so numerous as to be incapable of pursuing the objects of its passions, by means which reason prescribes;...
Page 67 - That the government of a Territory organized by an act of Congress is provisional and temporary, and during its existence all citizens of the United States have an equal right to settle with their property in the Territory, without their rights, either of person or property, being destroyed or impaired by Congressional or Territorial legislation.